Understanding and interpreting data from a multi-parameter monitor is paramount to a successful anesthetic experience in veterinary practice. Consider this advice to understand these vital values and explore what to do when you encounter abnormalities.
Hypotension is a very common complication in the anesthetized patient, especially when the patient is maintained with inhalant anesthetics. Blood pressure is simple to measure in the anesthetized patient, and is very helpful to monitor depth of anesthesia and overall patient welfare.
Liver disease patients can present with a diverse clinical spectrum. Patients with mild liver disease can be expected to have fewer problems with general anesthesia than patients with severe, fulminant disease.
Traditionally, analgesic drugs like opioids, alpha-2 agents, local anesthetics, NSAIDs and dissociative anesthetics have been administered as a single dose treatment. When drugs are given in this manner, the patient will experience “peaks” and “troughs” in the plasma drug level.