Abdominal trauma may result in specific injury of the peritoneal or retroperitoneal structures, diaphragm, or body wall constituents. Pain referred from other sites (especially spine) is also frequently mistaken for abdominal pain.
Following the trends in human medicine, there is an ongoing effort to adapt and develop minimally invasive therapeutics for the management of various problems facing veterinary patients. Minimally invasive therapeutics offer the advantages of smaller incisions, decreased pain, shortened anesthesia times and shorter length-of-stay compared to traditional open surgical approaches.
The dog or cat with septic peritonitis may display evidence of sepsis, severe sepsis, septic shock, and frequently, multiple organ dysfunction. Septic peritonitis is a rapidly progressive clinical syndrome with an array of underlying etiologies. Early recognition accompanied by rapid medical stabilization, early surgical intervention, and diligent postoperative care is crucial to optimize the likelihood of a positive outcome.
Tracheal stent placement is a novel treatment option for dogs presenting with tracheal collapse refractory to traditional medical management and for those in which the nature and location of the collapse make them poor candidates for prosthetic ring placement.
Traumatized small animal patients represent a population in which a standardized approach to diagnosis centered on thorough background knowledge of traumatic injuries coupled with a complete physical examination will allow for rapid therapeutic interventions and optimization of patient care.
TBI in the small animal patient may be the result of a variety of traumatic events. Primary brain injury results from a variety of forces (acceleration, deceleration, torsion, etc.) imparted on the cranium and its contents and may range from mass-lesions caused by vascular disruption (epidural hematoma, subdural hematoma, intraparenchymal hemorrhage) to contusions and diffuse axonal injury (most common).
Distal aortic thromboembolism (ATE) is most commonly recognized as a devastating sequel to underlying cardiac disease in the cat. The purpose of the following pages is to present the reader with a review of the veterinary literature as it pertains to pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis for cats with ATE as well as to provide some comparisons between different treatment and prophylactic measures.
Veterinary transfusion medicine practices have evolved considerably over the last 10 years as we have come to better understand immunology, infectious disease, and the appropriate use of blood and blood products. Some of our biggest advances in ensuring the provision of a safe blood product has come as a result of our errors including, but not limited to acute immunologic transfusion reactions and delayed non-immunologic transfusion reactions (infectious disease transmission).
CPCR is the restoration of spontaneous circulation AND the preservation of neurologic function. CPCR techniques are constantly evolving through laboratory and clinical research. The most comprehensive review of currently accepted American Heart Association (AHA) Guidelines can be found in the 2005 AHA Guidelines for CPR and Emergency Cardiac Care.