Upper tract uroliths have been relatively rare in cats until the last ten years.
A guide to feline hyperthyroidism dilemmas
A guide to managing refractory inflammatory feline lower urinary tract disease
Chronic kidney disease and failure is invariably progressive; however, stable disease and a reasonable quality of life can be obtained for some time in most cats.
A guide to urethral obstruction in cats
Indications for urinary catheters include urinary obstruction, urinary trauma, voiding disorders, urine diversion during or after surgery, or to monitor urine production.
Using proper technique and catheters minimizes post-obstructive inflammation in cats.
Sterile, inflammatory cystitis in cats may be caused by multiple factors, including viral or other inflammatory triggers, urothelial defects, neurohormonal aberrations, and environmental stresses.