Metastrongyloid nematodes are characterized by having life cycles that typically require an intermediated molluscan host for the development of the third-stage larvÃ¦ that are infective to vertebrates; however, two of the species in the dog are unusual in having direct life cycles.
Dogs and cats are the only domestic animals that still routinely reside in the same domicile as their owners around the world. Thus, it is important to know if the parasites they harbor are zoonotic agents or not.
Tapeworm infection is often overlooked, underdiagnosed, and indertreated in dogs and cats throughout the Unites States. To reverse this trend, it's imperative that veterinarians and their team members understand and thoroughly educate clinets about the risk of tapeworm zoonoses and the importance of prevention.