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Food Animal Medicine
Source: DVM360 MAGAZINE

New York considers banning non-therapeutic antimicrobials

December 30, 2010

Albany, N.Y. -- New York lawmakers are looking to curb antimicrobial usage by pre-filing new legislation that would make non-therapeutic antimicrobial use a misdemeanor offense.

Source: CVC IN SAN DIEGO PROCEEDINGS

Mastitis control: do the old ways still work? (Proceedings)

November 1, 2010

The development and effectiveness of the standard milking time hygiene practices and dry cow therapy were established in the 1960's. Because of the effectiveness of these practices, mastitis has evolved on many farms to primarily environmental rather than contagious pathogens. The purpose of this article is to perform a literature review (especially trying to find studies published after the year 2000) as to the effectiveness of the various mastitis control practices in today's progressive dairy farm.

Source: CVC IN SAN DIEGO PROCEEDINGS

Antimicrobials for bovine respiratory disease (Proceedings)

November 1, 2010

Bovine respiratory disease complex includes bacterial components, which cause the classic clinical signs of lethargy, depression, and fever, with variable nasal discharge, cough, or other signs. This bacterial component of BRD (most commonly Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida, Histophilus somni, and Mycoplasma bovis) may be treated with antimicrobial drugs designed to kill or inhibit the growth of the pathogenic bacteria.

Source: CVC IN SAN DIEGO PROCEEDINGS

The livestock-wildlife interface in infectious disease transmission — the bovine TB example in Michigan (Proceedings)

November 1, 2010

The issue of disease transmission between species is nothing new. Veterinarians have always been aware of the potential risk of wildlife being a source of disease transmission to livestock. A classic example is transmission of Leptospirosis species from wildlife to cattle via urine contamination of the environment.

Source: CVC IN SAN DIEGO PROCEEDINGS

Clinical mastitis treatment efficacy: Are we making progress? (Proceedings)

November 1, 2010

Mastitis is considered one of the most costly diseases of dairy cattle and one of the most common reasons for antibiotic treatment on dairy farms. There are numerous treatments (both antibiotic and non-antibiotic) for clinical mastitis.

Source: CVC IN SAN DIEGO PROCEEDINGS

How drugs move through the body (Proceedings)

November 1, 2010

In most cases, we administer drugs at a different site than we want to drug to act. Understanding how drugs get to their site of action and how long they stay there is essential to making therapeutic decisions about which drug, what route, how much, how often, and for how long.

Source: CVC IN SAN DIEGO PROCEEDINGS

Antimicrobial therapy: interpreting susceptibility results (Proceedings)

November 1, 2010

The design of antimicrobial regimens is addressed in the next section in these proceedings ("Antimicrobial Therapy: Regimen Design"), but the concepts within regimen design related to determining the concentration of drug required to inhibit growth of bacterial pathogens deserve a more thorough discussion. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing must not be viewed as a black box into which a veterinarian places a clinical sample of an infected site and receives a "yes" or "no" from the diagnostic laboratory.

Source: CVC IN SAN DIEGO PROCEEDINGS

Farm animal problem solving (Proceedings)

November 1, 2010

The majority of food animal veterinarians do their best to make the most appropriate decisions for their clients' livestock. But there are times when we simply don't know what the best decision is. Likewise, there are times when a "new" procedure or "new" product is suggested by the client or one of our colleagues that we are unaware of or have not tried. Problem solving requires the use of multiple sources to educate oneself about the particular problem.

Source: CVC IN SAN DIEGO PROCEEDINGS

Integrated BVD control plans for dairy operations (Proceedings)

November 1, 2010

More than 60 years ago an enteric disease of cattle was described in North America that was characterized by outbreaks of diarrhea and erosive lesions of the digestive tract. The disease was called bovine viral diarrhea virus or BVD. The virus causing BVD was named bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV).

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