Articles by Stephen H. Levine, DVM, MS, Dipl. ACVS - DVM
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Stephen H. Levine, DVM, MS, Dipl. ACVS

Dr. Stephen H. Levine is an ACVS board-certified veterinary surgeon and owner of Veterinary Surgical Specialists, a small-animal surgery specialty practice serving the Minneapolis/St. Paul area of Minnesota.

Surgery STAT: TTA vs. TPLO: Recovery time remains an important consideration
November 1, 2008

In the first article in this series, we provided a brief overview of the two surgical procedures that addressed the active, abnormal biomechanics of the cranial cruciate ligament deficient stifle—Tibial Tuberosity Advancement and Tibial Plateau Leveling Osteotomy.

Surgery STAT: Correcting cranial cruciate ligament-deficient stifles
October 1, 2008

The Tibial Tuberosity Advancement (TTA) is a procedure developed in Zurich, Switzerland, in the early 2000s. The biomechanics behind its success for correcting cranial cruciate ligament-deficient stifles is a change in the patellar tendon angle that effectively neutralizes the tibiofemoral shear (tibial thrust) that occurs during weight bearing.


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