DVM360 MAGAZINE, Jul 1, 2006 - DVM
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DVM360 MAGAZINE, Jul 1, 2006
Small Animal
Study shows collar stress can heighten glaucoma risk
By Jessica Tremayne
Madison, Wis. — A study conducted by a University of Madison-Wisconsin veterinary ophthalmologist showed an increase in intra-ocular pressure (IOP) in dogs while pulling on a collar, confirming a correlation between glaucoma and collar stress.
Understanding jow the cornea heals offers insights into treatment
By Michael J. Ringle, DVM, Dipl. ACVO
The cornea is a unique portion of the outer fibrous tunic of the eye. Being transparent, it is the main refractive structure of the eye due to the air tissue interface. Even though the cornea is constantly exposed to the environment, it is able to maintain its clarity by continually replacing the surface epithelium and by maintaining a preocular tear film with the aid of both the lacrimal system and the eyelids.
Perspectives: Analysis of 275,000 uroliths
By Carl A. Osborne, DVM, PhD, DACVIM , Jody P. Lulich, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
Knowledge of urolith composition is important because contemporary methods of detection, treatment and prevention of the underlying causes of urolithiasis are primarily related to knowledge of urolith composition. The following discussion is based on quantitative analysis of 275,000 canine uroliths submitted to the Minnesota Urolith Center from 1981 to the spring of 2006. (For additional details related to feline uroliths and feline urethral plugs, refer to the Diagnote entitled "Changing trends in composition of feline uroliths and feline urethral plugs," published in the April 2006 issue of DVM Newsmagazine (Vol. 37, No.4).
Rhinoscopy combined with sinuscopy in canine patients with nasal signs
By Beatrix Nanai, DVM , Ronald Lyman, DVM, Dipl. ACVIM
For some time rhinoscopy alone has been the procedure most often chosen to obtain visual and histopathologic evidence of the disease process(es) occurring in canine patients with persistent nasal signs.
Hot times, hot dog
By Johnny D. Hoskins, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
Please review heat-illness problems in dogs.
Canine and feline oral tumors: Earlier is better
By Kim L. Cronin, DVM, Dipl. ACVIM
Oral tumors are the fourth most common cancer in dogs and represent 6 percent of all canine cancers. The most common malignant tumors in dogs are melanoma, fibrosarcoma, SCC and osteosarcoma. Benign tumors include the epulides (ossifying, fibromatous and acanthomatous) and other odontogenic tumors. In cats, oral tumors make up 3 percent of all feline cancers. SCC is the most common malignant tumor followed by fibrosarcoma. Benign oral tumors are much less common in cats.
Food Animal
Practice savvy can come in rather unsophisticated ways
The only difference between humor and tragedy is who it happens to.
Obenski
It's deja moo all over again
By Michael A. Obenski, DVM
Mr. Bullfeather was beside himself with concern over his cat, Raisin.
News
Officials probe charges of cheating on Internet
By Jennifer Fiala
This month, the National Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners (NBVME) Executive Committee plans to question two veterinarians and two would-be graduates on charges they shared NAVLE secrets on the Internet.
Sheltered: Pet relinquishment, adoption problem remains healthy in the United States
By Daniel R. Verdon
National Report — While many veterinarians shun convenience euthanasia, problems associated with pet relinquishment live on.
The making of a miracle
By Ed Kane, PhD
Baltimore — He was on the cusp of immortality when the country's premier Thoroughbred stumbled into a potentially fatal tragedy. Fans gasped and then cried as the undefeated Kentucky Derby winner suffered multiple fractures at the Preakness Stakes. But the veterinary miracle that was about to unfold became an epic of inspiration for racing enthusiasts around the world as fate, innovation and expertise converged to save the life of a horse that many hoped would win the Triple Crown.
Compassion's fatigue
Considered a high-risk factor for compassion fatigue, euthanasia takes an emotional toll on the entire hospital staff, an expert says.
Board assigns legislative agenda items
By Jennifer Fiala
Schaumburg, Ill. — The American Veterinary Medical Association added 13 initiatives to the agenda of its Governmental Relations Division (GRD), the group's Washington bureau. In June, Executive Board members approved the recommendations, which originated from the Legislative Advisory Committee (LAC) and other AVMA subsets. The GRD, charged with lobbying and monitoring Congress as well as federal regulations, must champion the following actions
Bird Flu: Disease takes off around the world, remains primarily an avian threat
By Corrie Brown, DVM, PhD
Avian influenza: It seems to be everywhere these days — on the news, in magazines, at the bookstores. Avian influenza even has been used on television for sweeps week!
AVMA commits $200,000 to manpower study
Schaumburg, Ill. — The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) allocated $200,000 to a study designed to explore veterinary medicine's labor force as well as future societal needs.
PETS Act puts animal needs to state, local emergency plan
Washington — The U.S. House of Representatives passed the Pets Evacuation and Transportation Standards (PETS) with a 349-24 vote.
Veterinarian challenges board decision and wins
By Jessica Tremayne
Boise, Idaho — An appeals court reversed an Idaho State Board ruling that disciplined a veterinarian.
Penn investigates gene therapy as a new way of treating immune deficiencies
By Jessica Tremayne
Philadelphia — A corrective gene is being injected into the bloodstream of immune deficient dogs to correct hematopoietic stem cells at the University of Pennsylvania.
Cost of extending life: Stop-treatment points edge higher, DVM survey says
By Daniel R. Verdon
National Report — $1,451: It's the price most clients will stop treatment of a sick or injured animal, veterinarians report.
2010: Recruitment odyssey
By David Frabotta
National Report — Good employees are hard to come by, and it won't get easier any time soon.
AVMA hires Lutschaunig for top Washington role
By Jennifer Fiala
Washington — Two vacant positions, a laundry list of agenda items and a Congress gearing up for elections welcomes Dr. Mark Lutschaunig to his new job as the American Veterinary Medical Association's (AVMA) Governmental Relations Division (GRD) director.
Litigation trepidation: DVMs expres concern about malpractice, liability
By Jennifer Fiala
A lawyer rarely pursues a lawsuit against a veterinarian who apologizes.
Speakout
As a veterinarian, what's the hardest aspect of euthanasia?
ACVIM attendance good despite relocation from the Big Easy
Louisville, Ky. — The 24th-annual American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM) Forum hosted almost 3,000 veterinary specialists, general practitioners, technicians and students May 31 through June 3.
Leaders knead rehabilitation, therapy rules
By Jennifer Fiala
Sacramento, Calif. — As physical therapy takes root in animal healthcare, veterinary regulators and the profession's leaders scramble to create guidelines to restrict lay and untrained practitioners.
The rising tide of healthcare
By David Frabotta
Washington — Small business health plans were shelved May 11 to the chagrin of the American Veterinary Medical Association. But opponents say the proposal will do little to aid the millions of uninsured Americans and could actually raise the cost of healthcare premiums in the long term.
Kansas program to increase rural DVMs
By Jessica Tremayne
Manhattan, Kan. — A new law will award students $20,000 annually for up to four years for participating in the Veterinary Training Program for Rural Kansas.
Avid wins $6 million patent suit
By Jennifer Fiala
Marshall, Texas — A Texas jury handed AVID Identification Systems a $6-million verdict in a patent infringement case. The decision followed a six-day trial in U.S. District Court in eastern Texas against Swiss manufacturer Datamars SA and its U.S. distributor Crystal Import Corp. for willfully infringing on three U.S. patents and false advertising, the court contends.
The many faces of grief
By Daniel R. Verdon
Cheryl Weber, JD, a client counselor specialist at the University of Illinois' veterinary college, adds that client grief is real.
Mastering Management
The following tip is brought to you by a member of the Veterinary Leadership Group (VLG), a group of 20 management-savvy practitioners and hospital managers from across the country who meet twice a year to discuss business improvement, personal growth and social development issues for their practices.
Strategic thinkers identify critical issues for AVMA
By Jennifer Fiala
Schaumburg, Ill. — A visioning team of AVMA's Strategic Planning Committee and various group leaders has developed a list of directional goals to measure future initiatives against.
R.I. Enacts first statewide mandate to sterilize cats
By Jennifer Fiala
Providence, R.I. — Rhode Island hinges on becoming the nation's first state to mandate the sterilization of cats.
A Right to Die
By Daniel R. Verdon
Practicing in the only health profession sanctioned to end life, Dr. Mary Welle vividly recalls the case.
Perspective is everything
By David Frabotta
He was a registered veterinary technician before earning his DVM and eventually buying Woodcrest Veterinary Clinic in Riverside (Calif.) in 1992. He is the only American Animal Hospital Association president who worked as an RVT, and that experience on both sides of the employment equation gives Dr. Michael P. Andrews unique perspective on why staffers choose to stay at a practice.
Veterinary recommendations spur dental compliance, survey says
St. Louis — Only 30 percent of pet owners schedule professional dental cleanings for their pets, yet four out of five owners in this group do so with a veterinary recommendation.
Little retires top spot at AVMA
By Jennifer Fiala
Executive Board members have fast begun developing a list of search committee candidates.
S.C. ushers 'open access'
By Jessica Tremayne
Columbia, S.C. — The South Carolina veterinary practice act was signed by Gov. Mark Sanford, making veterinary disciplinary hearings open to the public.
Practice Management
The sky is not falling
By Gerald Snyder, VMD
Evolution is a most awesome force, and it is seldom, if ever, benign. Right now, mankind tops the food chain, but for how long is anyone's guess. Like the characters in the Jurassic Park epics, we will fall and be replaced someday, probably by something that the current flea products don't protect against. The Earth is neither our friend nor our enemy. It just is what it is, providing us with sustenance on one hand and catastrophic devastation on the other.
The never-ending office visit
By David M. Lane, DVM, MS
Missy closed the door and smiled at Dr. Fremont. The smile was a long, strained affair as she tried to mimic the Cheshire cat from "Alice in Wonderland". The smile vanished as she rolled her eyes and moved into the next room.
the 15-minute visit
In the days of yore — when vaccinations were king and the veterinarian primarily was a syringe jockey — things were a bit easier, and expectations were noticeably lower. Dogs were just dogs, and cats were perceived as varmints by a large fraction of the population. Thus the 15-minute office call was born, and dinner was ready at 6 p.m.
Ethics: Our oath to advance medical knowledge creates demand for those services
By Marsha L. Heinke DVM, EA, CPA, CVPM
Capitalism abhors a vacuum. And perhaps in the short term, it abhors ethics as well.
State mandates push employee health coverage
By Mark E. Battersby
The IRS allows small businesses to reimburse employees for medical expenses.
When should I call my lawyer?
By Christopher J. Allen, DVM, JD
My office routinely receives calls from frustrated or perplexed veterinarians who are wonder whether a specific matter or problem that they are involved with might require an attorney.
Equine
Egg counts key to parasite control
By Ed Kane, PhD
Overcoming clients' preconceived notions can be difficult, especially as newer research suggests that treating horses as individuals might be more effective than a shotgun deworming regimen.
Australia explores 'super ram' to fight off parasites
Not all horses are affected the same, probably 20 percent of horses shed 80 percent of the eggs.
Variablility in susceptibility to parasite infection
Fecal egg counts (FEC) in horses are incredibly consistent for an individual horse, as shown recently from a three-year study in Denmark.
Saving Barbaro
By Ed Kane, PhD
From the time his experienced jockey, Edgar Prado, gently pulled him up and kept him quiet while veterinary assistance arrived until this very day, Barbaro's new battle has been one of a convergence of fate, veterinary excellence and most of all, teamwork.
Warming up to Warmbloods
By Kenneth L. Marcella, DVM
Wrmblood horses have proliferated dramatically in the last several years in North America. Increases in importation and breeding numbers have led to this surge in popularity. These Hanoverians, Holsteiners, Trakehners, Oldenbergs, Selle Francais, Dutch Warmbloods, Swedish Warmbloods, Irish crossbreeds and others are being used with increasing regularity in the dressage and jumper rings where their size, power and agility is sought and admired.
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