Editors' Guest: Old age is not a disease
Inappropriate elimination is a prime example. An older female cat may have a urinary tract infection, difficulty getting into the box because of osteoarthritis or hypokalemia, a soaked box because of diabetes mellitus, or several other treatable or manageable conditions. A cranky cat may have pain associated with arthritis, dental disease, or pancreatitis. With regular senior care and changes in the home environment to keep the patient comfortable, these cats can continue to be beloved family members and go on to live many more comfortable years. (For more on caring for senior cats, see the accompanying articles.)
Client education and preventive healthcare are the keys to the prevention and early treatment of several common conditions in senior cats. As part of that education, clients must understand that cats are masters at hiding illness, which is a protective mechanism for survival in the wild. That's why it's so important to examine cats, especially senior cats (7 years of age and older), at least twice a year. Preventive healthcare includes obtaining a thorough medical and behavioral history, with a questionnaire that helps identify specific behavior changes, and performing a comprehensive physical examination and diagnostic testing, with comparisons with previous test results.Since a change in behavior is usually the first sign of underlying health concerns, make sure clients know to call you if they see any changes in behavior, even subtle ones. This allows for early detection when the condition is easier to manage or treat. Also educate clients about signs to look for in their senior cats, which will help clients be a member of the team to enhance the quality, and often the length, of life for their beloved feline friends.
Dr. Ilona Rodan is the recipient of the 2005 Animal Welfare Award, a past president of the American Association of Feline Practitioners (AAFP), and co-chair of several AAFP guideline panels, including the Panel Report on Feline Senior Care and the AAFP Feline Behavior Guidelines. She is also involved in the "The Great Cat Watch, for Wellness Sake" ( http://www.catwellness.org/). She owns the Cat Care Clinic in Madison, Wis.