Endoscopic use is increasingly utilized in small animal hospitals because endoscopic tools have great utility in the evaluation of patients with respiratory, gastrointestinal and genitourinary tract disease.
In recent years, the availability and extended use of rigid and flexible endoscopy has led to a marked increase in diagnostic procedures involving visualization and biopsy of the upper and lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract in domestic animals.
A 13-year-old 12-lb (5.5-kg) intact male toy poodle was presented to Mississippi State University's College of Veterinary Medicine for evaluation of coughing and increased respiratory effort and exercise intolerance of four days' duration.
An 8-week-old 16.5-lb (7.5-kg) female Labrador retriever puppy was presented for evaluation of urinary incontinence. The puppy's incontinence had been present since the owner obtained the puppy at 4 weeks of age.