National Report -- The pleading of agriculture groups against using the term "swine flu" for the new multi-species strain of swine influenza got results. Both the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently announced they would now refer to the pandemic-causing virus as influenza A/H1N1.
Clinical signs related to the upper respiratory tract, in both dogs and cats, are among the most common presenting complaints encountered in small animal practice and, interestingly, are frequent reasons for referral to specialty practices and veterinary teaching hospitals.
Closely related to Bordetella pertussis, the cause of "whooping cough" in humans, Bordetella bronchiseptica is a gram negative, Aerobic coccobacillus particularly well adapted to colonize the ciliated respiratory epithelium of dogs and cats.
Simply stated, the goal of vaccination is to sensitize or prime the immune system such that it can generate a population of unique cells capable of mounting an effective immune response subsequent to infection by a pathogenic organism.