Any good training program starts with standardization of procedures so they can be taught and readily duplicated by staff members. Consistency of process is an asset anywhere in your practice but especially in the prep room and surgery.
Protein losing nephropathy is a common form of renal disease in dogs. Glomerular causes of renal protein loss include glomerulonephritis and amyloidosis. Glomerular lesions have also been associated with underlying metabolic, infectious, inflammatory and neoplastic diseases. Post-glomerular causes of renal protein loss such as hemorrhage and inflammation also contribute to urine protein quantification. Traditionally, urine protein loss has been detected either through a qualitative test such as a urine dipstick or via a semi-quantitative test such as a urine protein creatinine ratio. A urine protein creatinine ratio greater than 0.5-1 is considered abnormal. However, both the dipstick method and the
The veterinarian's oath states in part, "Being admitted to the profession of veterinary medicine, I solemnly swear to use my scientific knowledge and skills for the... relief of animal suffering... Does this solemn promise encompass our being "Good Samaritans"? What principles are involved in being a Good Samaritan? What are Good Samaritan laws, and how do they affect each of us? To what extent should we contribute our resources in the role of being a Good Samaritan?
Recently a colleague asked us for advice about how to prevent recurrence of a urolith that contained a nucleus of 100 percent calcium oxalate (CaOx) and a distinct outer layer of 95 percent magnesium ammonium phosphate (MAP) and 5 percent calcium phosphate (Image 1 and Figure 2, p. 12S).
Canine hyperadrenocorticism (HAC) is a common condition seen most frequently
in middle aged to older dogs. The clinical signs and physical examination
findings characteristic for the condition include polyuria, polydipsia,
polyphagia, abdominal distension, hepatomegaly and dermatologic changes
such as bilaterally symmetrical alopecia. Affected dogs are prone to develop
complications from the hypercortisolemia such as pyoderma, urinary tract
infections, diabetes mellitus, proteinuric renal disease, and pulmonary
Recently a colleague in private practice asked me for advice about how to treat cystine bladder stones formed by a 5.5 year-old, spayed female Siamese cat. Although textbooks that he consulted contained information about cystine urolithiasis in dogs, he was unable to find recommendations for this disorder in cats. How would you manage this case?