Calcium oxalate (CaOx) was the most common (47 percent) mineral in feline uroliths submitted to the Minnesota Urolith Center during 2003 (Table 1). More than two-thirds of feline nephroliths were composed of CaOx.
Your veterinarian has just informed you that your dog has otitis, or inflammation of the ear. Luckily, most cases of otitis are caught during the early stage of the disease, so the chances for getting your dog's ears back in tip-top shape are good.
As discussed in last month's Diagnote, the underlying causes of different types of uroliths vary. It follows that medical and/or surgical procedures designed to safely and effectively treat different types of uroliths also vary. The objective of the second part of this series is to provide an overview of risks and benefits associated with surgical and medical therapy of urolithiasis. Therapeutic caveats associated with treatment of specific types of uroliths will be the subject of next month's Diagnote.
Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is a disease process initiated in some cats by the effects of a corona virus (FCoV). Clinical signs may include fever that is not resolved by antibiotic therapy, anorexia and weight loss.
Protocols have been developed to promote dissolution of canine and feline struvite uroliths, the dissolution of canine ammonium urate and cystine uroliths, and the prevention of all major types of canine and feline uroliths.
Chronic renal insufficiency is a common problem in cats. Many cats will live for years with very few clinical signs while others will progress more rapidly. Unfortunately, most will ultimately succumb to the disease. Conventional monitoring of these cats has included periodic blood chemistries and complete blood cell counts assessing for: progression of azotemia, alterations in electrolyte and acid-base balance, changes in the calcium and phosphorous levels and progression of non-regenerative anemia. Long-term management of these cases is typically aimed at correcting electrolyte and acid-base abnormalities, supplementing water soluble vitamins, alleviating gastrointestinal side effects and controlling serum phosphorous levels. In
Any good training program starts with standardization of procedures so they can be taught and readily duplicated by staff members. Consistency of process is an asset anywhere in your practice but especially in the prep room and surgery.