Internal medicine | Veterinary Medicine

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Internal medicine

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VETERINARY MEDICINE: May 01, 2004
A 5-year-old, 114-lb (51.8-kg) neutered male German shepherd was examined because of a three- to four-week history of bloody preputial discharge and prostatomegaly.
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DVM360 MAGAZINE: Apr 01, 2004
Pericardial effusion (PE) is in the list of differential diagnoses when a patient presents with weakness or collapse, weak pulses and muffled heart sounds.
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DVM360 MAGAZINE: Apr 01, 2004
Magnesium ammonium phosphate (MAP, also called struvite) comprised 41 percent of 28,629 canine uroliths submitted to the Minnesota Urolith Center during the year 2003.
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DVM360 MAGAZINE: Mar 01, 2004
By dvm360.com staff
Calcium oxalate (CaOx) was the most common (47 percent) mineral in feline uroliths submitted to the Minnesota Urolith Center during 2003 (Table 1). More than two-thirds of feline nephroliths were composed of CaOx.
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VETERINARY MEDICINE: Mar 01, 2004
By dvm360.com staff
Your veterinarian has just informed you that your dog has otitis, or inflammation of the ear. Luckily, most cases of otitis are caught during the early stage of the disease, so the chances for getting your dog's ears back in tip-top shape are good.
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DVM360 MAGAZINE: Feb 01, 2004
As discussed in last month's Diagnote, the underlying causes of different types of uroliths vary. It follows that medical and/or surgical procedures designed to safely and effectively treat different types of uroliths also vary. The objective of the second part of this series is to provide an overview of risks and benefits associated with surgical and medical therapy of urolithiasis. Therapeutic caveats associated with treatment of specific types of uroliths will be the subject of next month's Diagnote.
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DVM360 MAGAZINE: Feb 01, 2004
Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is a disease process initiated in some cats by the effects of a corona virus (FCoV). Clinical signs may include fever that is not resolved by antibiotic therapy, anorexia and weight loss.
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DVM360 MAGAZINE: Jan 01, 2004
Aside from the current debate over vaccination protocols, few topics engender such controversy as the nutrition we provide to our companion animals (or ourselves, for that matter).
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DVM360 MAGAZINE: Jan 01, 2004
Protocols have been developed to promote dissolution of canine and feline struvite uroliths, the dissolution of canine ammonium urate and cystine uroliths, and the prevention of all major types of canine and feline uroliths.
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DVM360 MAGAZINE: Dec 01, 2003
By dvm360.com staff
Chronic renal insufficiency is a common problem in cats. Many cats will live for years with very few clinical signs while others will progress more rapidly. Unfortunately, most will ultimately succumb to the disease. Conventional monitoring of these cats has included periodic blood chemistries and complete blood cell counts assessing for: progression of azotemia, alterations in electrolyte and acid-base balance, changes in the calcium and phosphorous levels and progression of non-regenerative anemia. Long-term management of these cases is typically aimed at correcting electrolyte and acid-base abnormalities, supplementing water soluble vitamins, alleviating gastrointestinal side effects and controlling serum phosphorous levels. In
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DVM360 MAGAZINE: Nov 01, 2003
All hospital personnel should be aware of the following procedures for handling chemotheraputic drugs.
Nov 01, 2003
Any good training program starts with standardization of procedures so they can be taught and readily duplicated by staff members. Consistency of process is an asset anywhere in your practice but especially in the prep room and surgery.
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DVM360 MAGAZINE: Oct 01, 2003
Protein losing nephropathy is a common form of renal disease in dogs. Glomerular causes of renal protein loss include glomerulonephritis and amyloidosis. Glomerular lesions have also been associated with underlying metabolic, infectious, inflammatory and neoplastic diseases. Post-glomerular causes of renal protein loss such as hemorrhage and inflammation also contribute to urine protein quantification. Traditionally, urine protein loss has been detected either through a qualitative test such as a urine dipstick or via a semi-quantitative test such as a urine protein creatinine ratio. A urine protein creatinine ratio greater than 0.5-1 is considered abnormal. However, both the dipstick method and the
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DVM360 MAGAZINE: Oct 01, 2003
The veterinarian's oath states in part, "Being admitted to the profession of veterinary medicine, I solemnly swear to use my scientific knowledge and skills for the... relief of animal suffering... Does this solemn promise encompass our being "Good Samaritans"? What principles are involved in being a Good Samaritan? What are Good Samaritan laws, and how do they affect each of us? To what extent should we contribute our resources in the role of being a Good Samaritan?
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DVM360 MAGAZINE: Sep 01, 2003
Recently a colleague asked us for advice about how to prevent recurrence of a urolith that contained a nucleus of 100 percent calcium oxalate (CaOx) and a distinct outer layer of 95 percent magnesium ammonium phosphate (MAP) and 5 percent calcium phosphate (Image 1 and Figure 2, p. 12S).