"Tomorrow I have the day off, so you can reach me at the clinic,” she says matter of factly, sans even a hint of sarcasm. She spoke via telephone from her clinic on yet another one of her scheduled days off.
Reference ranges are established by testing a group of apparently healthy normal animals. But even if a value falls within the reference range, it may not be normal for that animal if the animal is ill.
Localized primary tumors with a minimal risk for metastasis are commonly treated with surgery or radiation. But chemotherapy may occasionally be used to treat these tumors instead of or in addition to standard local therapy.
Last summer, an epizootic of paraquat poisoning caused the deaths of at least seven dogs in Portland, Ore. This epizootic is evidence that this type of poisoning remains a current problem in companion-animal practice in North America.
Local anesthesia and regional anesthetic nerve blocks have been used for decades in human dentistry, but incorporating intraoral regional anesthetic blocks into veterinary dental and oral surgical procedures did not gain acceptance until the mid-1990s.