Two or more seizures without complete recovery of consciousness between seizures, or persistent seizure activity for more than 30 minutes constitute the definition of status epilepticus (SE) in human medicine (Treatment of Convulsive Status Epilepticus. JAMA 1993; 270:854-9).
A 10-year-old 8.6-lb (3.9-kg) spayed female domestic medium-haired cat had been evaluated by the referring veterinarian because of lethargy, right pelvic limb lameness, lumbar discomfort, reluctance to jump, and tail weakness.
Degenerative lumbosacral stenosis is a common cause of cauda equina syndrome and a relatively frequent neurologic disorder in older dogs. If this condition is recognized early, treatment may help alleviate significant morbidity.
A 3-year-old 77-lb (35-kg) neutered male collie was presented to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital at the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine for evaluation of an acute onset of progressive ataxia, tetraparesis, a single tonic-clonic seizure, vomiting, and ptyalism.
Many veterinarians are uncomfortable when facing a patient with a neurologic problem. However, by taking the time to obtain a good, detailed history and by doing a methodical and thorough neurologic examination, these cases can be both challenging and interesting.
Owners should be made aware that once therapy is initiated, in most instances it is life-long, and that it is imperative that the AED imperative that the AED regular basis at regular basis at intervals.