Cranial cruciate ligament pathology is a leading cause of lameness in dogs. Many surgical treatments have been described that aim to restore stifle joint stability and minimize the progression of subsequent osteoarthritis. Most surgical treatments seek to replace the function of the cranial cruciate ligament by substituting autologous tissues or synthetic materials. More recently, the tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) procedure has been described, which alters the mechanical forces acting on the stifle, rendering the cranial cruciate ligament unnecessary.
After an orthopedic procedure, it is common to have a convalescent period of weeks to months before recovery is attained. Physical rehabilitation may help patients achieve maximum recovery. Physical therapy is also valuable for easing chronic pain in pets.
Recent advances in diagnostic visualization and surgical treatments have stimulated an increased emphasis on early clinical recognition of cranial cruciate ligament pathology. This article describes characteristics of normal and pathologic cranial cruciate ligaments and details clinical techniques to help you diagnose cranial cruciate ligament pathology earlier.
In this experimental study, 48 Labrador retrievers from seven litters with a high prevalence of canine hip dysplasia were examined throughout their lives for a relationship between a radiographic marker and the development of osteoarthritis in the hip joint.
Arthroscopy used for diagnosis and treatment is the standard of care in man and the horse. Canine arthroscopy has lagged in use. Reasons for this include technical difficulties, cost and perception on behalf of the veterinarian that open arthrotomies are as good. A Japanese surgeon, Dr. Takgi, is credited with early efforts in diagnostic and surgical arthroscopy.
DVM Newsmagazine is proud to present our first issue of DVM Best Practices exclusively for the equine practitioner. This special issue is devoted to equine degenerative joint disease (DJD) and also explores the problems associated with treating the disease with bulk compounded drugs.