Toxicology | Veterinary Medicine

Toxicology

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VETERINARY MEDICINE: Aug 01, 2011
The outcome in this dog was not good, illustrating the necessity of identifying this disorder early.
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CVC IN KANSAS CITY PROCEEDINGS: Aug 01, 2011
Insoluble calcium oxalate plants are very commonly kept as houseplants.
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Pet Poison Helpline: Jul 26, 2011
As the weather heats up, so does the incidence of heat exhaustion and heat stroke in horses.
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Pet Poison Helpline: Jul 22, 2011
The Midwest heat wave has spurred the growth of blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) on lakes and ponds. Here's what you need to know.
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VETERINARY MEDICINE: Jul 08, 2011
By dvm360.com staff
Hear all about the toxic effects that can occur when cigarettes and cigarette butts are consumed by pets or children.
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Pet Poison Helpline: Jul 01, 2011
By dvm360.com staff
Your clients likely keep at least one of these top-selling human drugs in their medicine cabinets. Find out whether they need to worry if their pet accidently ingests one.
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Pet Poison Helpline: Jun 02, 2011
Every second counts when treating poisoned patients. For most substances, there's only a narrow time frame in which decontamination can be effectively and safely performed. Here are 8 questions to consider before inducing vomiting on the poisoned pet.
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Pet Poison Helpline: Jun 02, 2011
Emetic agents work by causing gastric irritation, stimulating the central nervous system chemoreceptor trigger zone, or a combination of both. Here's your emetics cheat sheet for dogs and cats.
May 01, 2011
First, a word of caution.... Assess each individual situation carefully and remember that anything can be dangerous in the right quantity (even water). Also, consider health status of patient. Once you take all these into account, there are many exposures that you may be able to talk clients through managing at home.
May 01, 2011
Methylxanthines are alkaloids that occur naturally in plants and are found in tea, coffee beans, cola beans, and cocoa beans. The methylxanthines in chocolate include caffeine and theobromine. Some methylxanthines are used therapeutically as bronchodilators including theophylline and aminophylline.
May 01, 2011
Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid, ASA) is the salicylate ester of acetic acid and is a weak acid derived from phenol. Aspirin reduces pain and inflammation by reducing prostaglandin and thromboxane synthesis through inhibition of cyclooxygenase. At very high doses, aspirin and other salicylates uncouple oxidative phosphorylation leading to decreased ATP production. Salicylates also affect platelet aggregation.
May 01, 2011
Methanol (also known as methyl alcohol or wood alcohol) is found most commonly in "antifreeze" windshield washer fluid and varies in concentration from 20-100% (with 20-30% being the most common form.) Methanol's metabolite, formaldehyde, is rapidly oxidized by the enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase to formic acid, which can cause metabolic acidosis if significant quantities of methanol are ingested.
May 01, 2011
Citalopram is a Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI). The therapeutic dose in dogs is 1 mg/kg PO q 24 h. Per APCC Database: 1 mg/kg depression and 29 mg/kg tremors, seizures. Citalopram overdose results in serotonin syndrome. Serotonin syndrome is a complex group of clinical signs resulting from the over stimulation of serotonin receptors and can include the following:
May 01, 2011
All patients should be stabilized prior to attempts at decontamination. Once stabilization has been accomplished, decontamination should be considered to prevent systemic absorption of the toxicant.
May 01, 2011
Permethrin, a synthetic type I pyrethroid, is found in many flea and tick shampoos, dips, foggers, spot-ons, and sprays as well as many household and yard insecticide formulations. While permethrins have a relatively wide margin of safety in dogs, cats appear to be more sensitive to the toxicity of concentrated permethrins.