Occlusion is a contact between the incising or masticating surfaces of the maxillary and mandibular teeth. Normal occlusion in the dog and cat is also known as a "scissors bite". The mandibular teeth should occlude lingual to the maxillary teeth. The mandibular incisor cusps should rest on the cingulum on the palatal side of the maxillary incisors.
Emergencies in veterinary dentistry are generally not life threatening. Unfortunately, trauma to the oral cavity and face can cause discomfort and pain with systemic complications if the patient is not able to eat.
There are very few states that allow technicians to legally do dental extractions. The American Veterinary Dental College has a published position statement outlining the dental tasks that can be performed by the veterinary technician.
As one can see, dentistry can cover a myriad of disciplines and procedures. There are three types of procedures that can be a beneficial addition to the treatment options that are currently available. These additions in some cases may require some training for the veterinarian and equipment investment, but some use supplies readily available in the practice.
Tooth fracture may affect the crown and/or the root. In most cases tooth fractures are painful to the patient. It is imperative that patients with tooth fractures have a diagnostic workup to assess the stage of the fracture and what treatment options are available.
When working up inflammatory diseases in the cat, it is important to know that at various stages of the disease process, they can display pathogenic behavior that is similar when compared to one another.