A 2-year-old 32.1-lb (14.6-kg) intact male mixed-breed dog from a local animal shelter was presented to the Cornell University
Hospital for Animals soft tissue surgery service for castration and surgical treatment of phimosis due to a congenitally stenotic
The shelter officials had noted the stenotic preputial orifice and preputial swelling when the dog was initially presented
to them. Fine-needle aspiration of the swelling had revealed suppurative fluid and urine pooling in the prepuce. Repeatedly
aspirating fluid from the prepuce had not resolved the problem.
Figure 1. A large, fluctuant swelling of the prepuce was noted on physical examination. Fine-needle aspiration revealed suppurative
fluid and urine pooling in the prepuce.
On presentation to the hospital at Cornell, the dog was bright and alert and had a body condition score of 4/9. A large, fluctuant
swelling of the prepuce (Figure 1) and a retained right testicle were noted. Additionally, the visible tip of the penis was hyperemic and slightly swollen
and could not be extruded from the stenotic preputial orifice (Figure 2). The penile mucosa was adhered to the preputial mucosa at the preputial orifice. Urination was observed, and the dog urinated
a normal amount in a constant stream and had no stranguria. The urine was normal color. Physical examination results were
normal except for flea infestation.
Figure 2. The tip of the dog's penis was hyperemic and slightly swollen; the penis could not be extruded from the stenotic
preputial orifice. Additionally, the mucosę of the penis and prepuce were adhered.
PRESURGICAL TESTING AND PREPARATION
Before surgery, the results of the dog's packed cell volume, blood glucose concentration (measured by using a glucometer),
total solids concentration (measured by refractometry), and rapid estimation of blood urea nitrogen concentration (by using
a dipstick) were normal.
Oral nitenpyram (Capstar—Novartis Animal Health) was administered to treat the flea infestation. The patient was premedicated
with subcutaneous acepromazine and hydromorphone. The preputial swelling was aspirated, and 78 ml of purulent fluid was obtained.
Since previous analysis showed a nonseptic suppurative fluid, the shelter officials declined fluid analysis, cytologic examination,
and bacterial culture and antimicrobial sensitivity testing. Anesthesia was induced with intravenous propofol, an endotracheal
tube was placed, and anesthesia was maintained with isoflurane. Carprofen (4 mg/kg) was also administered subcutaneously.
The dog was placed in dorsal recumbency. Its ventral abdomen and prepuce were clipped, aseptically prepared, and draped in
the standard fashion. Perioperative antibiotic therapy consisted of intravenous cefazolin (22 mg/kg every two hours). Plasmalyte
A (Baxter Healthcare) was administered intravenously at 10 ml/kg/hr for the first hour and at 5 ml/kg/hr every hour thereafter
throughout the procedures.