Physical rehabilitation: Improving the outcome in dogs with orthopedic problems - Veterinary Medicine
Medicine Center
DVM Veterinary Medicine Featuring Information from:


Physical rehabilitation: Improving the outcome in dogs with orthopedic problems
Difficult, painful ambulation, whether resulting from orthopedic surgery or chronic pain, must be treated for an animal's optimal health. Explore the options and benefits of establishing a physical rehabilitation program.


44. Templeton MS, Booth DL, O'Kelly WD. Effects of aquatic therapy on joint flexibility and functional ability in subjects with rheumatic disease. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 1996;23:376-381.

45. Driver S, O'Connor J, Lox C, et al. Evaluation of an aquatics programme on fitness parameters of individuals with a brain injury. Brain Inj 2004;18:847-859.

46. Avellini BA, Shapiro Y, Pandolf KB. Cardio-respiratory physical training in water and on land. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 1983;50:255-263.

47. Thein JM, Brody LT. Aquatic-based rehabilitation and training for the elite athlete. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 1998:27:32-41.

48. Dunning D, Knap K, Wittek K, et al. Effects of water temperature on heart and respiratory rate, rectal temperature, and perceived exertional score in dogs exercising in and underwater treadmill, in Proceedings. 3rd Int Symp Rehabil Phys Ther Vet Med 2004;217.

49. Johnson JM, Johnson AL, Pijanowski GJ, et al. Rehabilitation with electrical muscle stimulation for dogs with surgically treated cranial cruciate ligament deficient stifles. Vet Surg 1994;23:405.

50. Carroll RE, Bird SF, Brown DJ. Electrical stimulation of the lumbrical muscles in an incomplete quadriplegic patient: case report. Paraplegia 1992;30:223-226.

51. Zupan A, Gregoric M, Valencic V, et al. Effects of electrical stimulation on muscles of children with Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy. Neuropediatrics 1993;24:189-192.

52. Lang DC. Ultrasonic treatment of musculoskeletal conditions in the horse, dog and cat. Vet Rec 1980;106:427-431.

53. Draper DO, Castel JC, Castel D. Rate of temperature increase in human muscle during 1 MHz and 3 MHz continuous ultrasound. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 1995;22:142-159.

54. Gallo JA, Draper DO, Brody LT, et al. A comparison of human muscle temperature increases during 3-MHz continuous and pulsed ultrasound with equivalent temporal average intensities. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2004;34:395-401.

55. Steiss JE, Adams CC. Effect of coat on rate of temperature increase in muscle during ultrasound treatment of dogs. Am J Vet Res 1999;60:76-80.

56. Kapatkin AS, Mayhew PD, Smith GK. Canine hip dysplasia: evidence-based treatment. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 2002;24:590-599.

57. Roush JK, McLaughlin RM, Radlinsky MAG. Understanding the pathophysiology of osteoarthritis. Vet Med 2002;97:108-117.

58. Fox SM, Johnston SA. Use of carprofen for the treatment of pain and inflammation in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1997;210:1493-1498.

59. Johnston SA, Budsberg SC. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids for the management of canine osteoarthritis. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 1997;27:841-862.

60. Moreau M, Dupuis J, Bonneau NH, et al. Clinical evaluation of a nutraceutical, carprofen and meloxicam for the treatment of dogs with osteoarthritis. Vet Rec 2003;152:323-329.

61. Budsberg SC, Johnston SA, Schwarz PD, et al. Efficacy of etodolac for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the hip joints in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1999;214:206-210.


Click here