Current and future alternatives to surgical neutering in ferrets to prevent hyperadrenocorticism - Veterinary Medicine
Medicine Center
DVM Veterinary Medicine Featuring Information from:


Current and future alternatives to surgical neutering in ferrets to prevent hyperadrenocorticism
Most of these alternatives to surgical neutering in ferrets need further investigation before they can be recommended. Investigators will then need to determine whether such methods of altering reproductive function can reduce the incidence of hyperadrenocorticism in ferrets.


2. Kociba GJ, Caputo CA. Aplastic anemia associated with estrus in pet ferrets. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1981;178:1293-1294.

3. Mullen H. Soft tissue surgery. In: Hillyer EV, Quesenberry KE, eds. Ferrets, rabbits, and rodents: clinical medicine and surgery. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders, 1996;131-144.

4. Rosenthal KL, Peterson ME, Quesenberry KE, et al. Hyperadrenocorticism associated with adrenocortical tumor or nodular hyperplasia of the adrenal gland in ferrets: 50 cases (1987-1991). J Am Vet Med Assoc 1993;203:271-275.

5. Rosenthal KL, Peterson ME. Evaluation of plasma androgen and estrogen concentrations in ferrets with hyperadrenocorticism. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1996;209:1097-1102.

6. Schoemaker NJ, Schuurmans M, Moorman H, et al. Correlation between age at neutering and age at onset of hyperadrenocorticism in ferrets. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2000;216:195-197.

7. Weiss CA, Scott MV. Clinical aspects and surgical treatment of hyperadrenocorticism in the domestic ferret: 94 cases (1994-1996). J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1997;33:487-493.

8. Rosenthal KL. Adrenal gland disease in ferrets. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 1997;27:401-418.

9. Eatwell K. Two unusual tumours in a ferret (Mustela putorius furo). J Small Anim Pract 2004;45:454-459.

10. Lloyd M. Endocrine diseases. In: Ferrets: health, husbandry and diseases. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science, 1999;67-77.

11. Wagner RA, Bailey EM, Schneider JF, et al. Leuprolide acetate treatment of adrenocortical disease in ferrets. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2001;218:1272-1274.

12. Schoemaker NJ, Teerds KJ, Mol JA, et al. The role of luteinizing hormone in the pathogenesis of hyperadrenocorticism in neutered ferrets. Mol Cell Endocrinol 2002;197:117-125.

13. Hart DS. Photoperiodicity in the female ferret. J Exp Biol 1951;28:1-12.

14. Herbert J. The pineal gland and light-induced oestrus in ferrets. J Endocrinol 1969;43:625-636.

15. Baum MJ, Lynch HJ, Gallagher CA, et al. Plasma and pineal melatonin levels in female ferrets housed under long or short photoperiods. Biol Reprod 1986;34:96-100.

16. Concise veterinary dictionary. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1988.

17. Webster's new collegiate dictionary. Springfield, Mass: G&C Merriam Co, 1974.

18. Hasegawa A, Hamada Y, Shigeta M, et al. Contraceptive potential of synthetic peptides of zona pellucida protein (ZPA). J Reprod Immunol 2002;53:91-98; 2002.

19. Primakoff P, Lathrop W, Woolman L, et al. Fully effective contraception in male and female guinea pigs immunized with the sperm protein PH-20. Nature 1988;335:543-546.

20. Concannon PW, Meyers-Wallen VN. Current and proposed methods for contraception and termination of pregnancy in dogs and cats. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1991;198:1214-1225.

21. Kluth GA. Oestrus control in ferrets. Vet Rec 1993;133:252.

22. Oxenham M. Oestrus control in the ferret. Vet Rec 1990;126:148.

23. Ryland LM, Lipinski E. A technique for vasectomizing male ferrets. Canine Pract 1994;19:25-27.


Click here