Performing a cardiovascular physical examination - Veterinary Medicine
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Performing a cardiovascular physical examination
In an age of ever-increasing technological advances, this hands-on aspect of evaluating a patient with possible heart problems shouldn't be neglected. Your findings will help lead you down the correct diagnostic path.


VETERINARY MEDICINE


3. Sisson DD, Ettinger SJ. The physical examination. In: Fox PR, Sisson DD, Moise NS, eds. Textbook of canine and feline cardiology: principles and clinical practice. 2nd Ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders Co, 1999;46-64.

4. Detweiler DK, Patterson DF. Abnormal heart sounds and murmurs of the dog. J Small Anim Pract 1967;8:193-205.

5. Lehmkuhl LB, Ware WA, Bonagura JD. Mitral stenosis in 15 dogs. J Vet Intern Med 1994;8:2-17.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The author would like to thank Mal Hoover for her assistance with Figure 3.


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