A challenging case: Progressive, generalized pain in a young English bulldog - Veterinary Medicine
Medicine Center
DVM Veterinary Medicine Featuring Information from:


A challenging case: Progressive, generalized pain in a young English bulldog
These clinicians identify the cause of a dog's extreme, difficult-to-localize pain and successfully alleviate it.


20. Worthman RP. The longitudinal vertebral venous sinuses of the dog. II. Functional aspects. Am J Vet Res 1956;17:349-363.

21. Batson OV. The function of the vertebral veins and their role in the spread of metastases. Ann Surg 1940;112:138-149.

22. Evans HE. Veins. In: Evans HE, ed. Miller's anatomy of the dog. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders Co, 1993;713-715.

23. Reinhard KR, Miller ME, Evans HE. The craniovertebral veins and sinuses of the dog. Am J Anat 1962;111:67-87.

24. Deming CL, Zaff F. Metastatic vertebral osteomyelitis complicating prostatic surgery. Trans Am Assoc Genitourin Surg 1943;35:287-305.

25. Hentschel SJ, Mendel E, Singh S, et al. Metastatic prostate carcinoma to the intradural extramedullary spinal compartment. Case report. J Neurosurg 2004;100:375-377.

26. Kutzler MA, Yeager A. Prostatic diseases. In: Ettinger SJ, Feldman EC, eds. Textbook of small animal internal medicine. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders Co, 2005;1812-1817.

27. Tamada T, Sone T, Jo Y, et al. Three-dimensional trabecular bone architecture of the lumbar spine in bone metastasis from prostate cancer: comparison with degenerative sclerosis. Skeletal Radiol 2005;34:149-155.

28. Perry RE, Weller RE, Dagle GE, et al. Transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder with skeletal metastases in a dog. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1989;25:547-551.

29. Mellanby RJ, Chantrey JC, Baines EA, et al. Urethral haemangiosarcoma in a boxer. J Small Anim Pract 2004;45:154-156.

30. Oyanagi K, Ogata K, Takeda S, et al. Widespread vertebral and epidural venous plexus metastasis of prostatic carcinoma presenting wedge-shaped radial lesions in the spinal cord. Neuropathology 2003;23:296-300.

31. Nishijima Y, Uchida K, Koiso K, et al. Clinical significance of the vertebral vein in prostate cancer metastasis. Adv Exp Med Biol 1992;324:93-100.

32. Kraft SL, Mussman JM, Smith T, et al. Magnetic resonance imaging of presumptive lumbosacral discospondylitis in a dog. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 1998;39:9-13.

33. Coman DR, deLong RP. The role of the vertebral venous system in the metastasis of cancer to the spinal column; experiments with tumor-cell suspensions in rats and rabbits. Cancer 1951;4:610-618.

34. Wood GW. Infections of the spine. In: Canale ST, ed. Campbell's operative orthopaedics. 9th ed. St. Louis, Mo: Mosby, 1998;3093.

35. Gilson SD, Scheartz PD. Acute hematogenous osteomyelitis in a dog. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1989;25:684-688.

36. Shamir MH, Tavor N, Aizenberg T. Radiographic findings during recovery from discospondylitis. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2001;42:496-503.

37. Gonzalo-Orden JM, Altónaga JR, Orden MA, et al. Magnetic resonance, computed tomographic and radiologic findings in a dog with discospondylitis. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2000;41:142-144.


Click here