A challenging case: Progressive, generalized pain in a young English bulldog - Veterinary Medicine
Medicine Center
DVM Veterinary Medicine Featuring Information from:


A challenging case: Progressive, generalized pain in a young English bulldog
These clinicians identify the cause of a dog's extreme, difficult-to-localize pain and successfully alleviate it.



1. Webb AA. Potential sources of neck and back pain in clinical conditions of dogs and cats: a review. Vet J 2003;165:193-213.

2. Jimenez MM, O'Callaghan MW. Vertebral physitis: a radiographic diagnosis to be separated from discospondylitis: A preliminary report. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 1995;36:188-195.

3. Lame EL. Vertebral osteomyelitis following operation on the urinary tract or sigmoid; the third lesion of an uncommon syndrome. Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med 1956;75:938-952.

4. Thomas WB. Diskospondylitis and other vertebral infections. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2000;30:169-182.

5. LeCouteur RA, Grandy JL. Diseases of the spinal cord. In: Ettinger SJ, Feldman EC, eds. Textbook of small animal internal medicine. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders Co, 2005;858-861.

6. Oliver JE, Lorenz MD, Kornegay JN. Pelvic limb paresis, paralysis, or ataxia. In: Oliver JE, Lorenz MD, Kornegay JN, eds. Handbook of veterinary neurology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders Co, 1997;155-157.

7. Hudson NPH, Mayhew IG. Radiographic and myelographic assessment of the equine cervical vertebral column and spinal cord. Equine Vet Educ 2005;17:34-38.

8. Healy AM, Doherty ML, Monaghan ML, et al. Cervico-thoracic vertebral osteomyelitis in 14 calves. Vet J 1997;154:227-232.

9. Giguere S, Lavoie JP. Rhodococcus equi vertebral osteomyelitis in 3 quarter horse colts. Equine Vet J 1994;26:74-77.

10. Divers TJ. Acquired spinal cord and peripheral nerve disease. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract 2004;20:231-242.

11. Mayhew IG. Tetraparesis, paraparesis and ataxia of the limbs and episodic weakness. In: Mayhew IG, ed. Large animal neurology: a handbook for veterinary clinicians. Philadelphia, Pa: Lea & Febiger, 1989;277-279.

12. Lavely JA, Vernau KM, Vernau W, et al. Spinal epidural empyema in seven dogs. Vet Surg 2006;35:176-185.

13. Naughton JF, Tucker RL, Bagley RS. Radiographic diagnosis—paraspinal abscess in a dog. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2005;46:23-26.

14. Braun U, Schweizer G, Gerspach C, et al. Clinical findings in 11 cattle with abscesses in the thoracic vertebrae. Vet Rec 2003;152:782-784.

15. Jerram RM, Dewey CW. Suspected spinal epidural empyema and associated vertebral osteomyelitis (physitis) in a dog. J Vet Emerg Crit Care 1998;8:103-108.

16. Seguin MA, Vaden SL, Altier C, et al. Persistent urinary tract infections and reinfections in 100 dogs (1989-1999). J Vet Intern Med 2003;17:622-631.

17. Stiffler KS, Stevenson MA, Sanchez S, et al. Prevalence and characterization of urinary tract infections in dogs with surgically treated type 1 thoracolumbar intervertebral disc extrusion. Vet Surg 2006;35:330-336.

18. Burkert BA, Kerwin SC, Hosgood GL, et al. Signalment and clinical features of diskospondylitis in dogs: 513 cases (1980-2001). J Am Vet Med Assoc 2005;227:268-275.

19. Batson OV. The role of the vertebral veins in metastatic processes. Ann Intern Med 1942;16:38-45.


Click here