Updates on hypoadrenocorticism - Veterinary Medicine
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Updates on hypoadrenocorticism
The lack of a stress leukogram in dogs with gastrointestinal signs may signal this potentially life-threatening disease. This review will help ensure that you aren't overlooking other clinical signs and that you know the latest about diagnosing and treating canine hypoadrenocorticism.



1. Feldman EC, Nelson RW. Hypoadrenocorticism. In: Canine and feline endocrinology and reproduction. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders, 1996;266-302.

2. Meeking S. Treatment of acute adrenal insufficiency. Clin Tech Small Anim Pract 2007;22(1):36-39.

3. Kintzer PP, Peterson ME. Primary and secondary canine hypoadrenocorticism. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 1997;27(2):349-357.

4. Greco DS. Hypoadrenocorticism in small animals. Clin Tech Small Anim Pract 2007;22(1):32-35.

5. Sadek D, Schaer M. Atypical Addison's disease in the dog: a retrospective study of 14 cases. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1996;32(2):159-163.

6. Lifton SJ, King LG, Zerbe CA. Glucocorticoid deficient hypoadrenocorticism in dogs: 18 cases (1986-1995). J Am Vet Med Assoc 1996;209(12):2076-2081.

7. Thompson AL, Scott-Moncrieff JC, Anderson JD. Comparison of classic hypoadrenocorticism with glucocorticoid-deficient hypoadrenocorticism in dogs: 46 cases (1985-2005). J Am Vet Med Assoc 2007;230(8):1190-1194.

8. Peterson ME, Kintzer PP, Kass PH. Pretreatment clinical and laboratory findings in dogs with hypoadrenocorticism: 225 cases (1979-1993). J Am Vet Med Assoc 1996;208(1):85-91.

9. Schaer M. The treatment of acute adrenocortical insufficiency in the dog. J Vet Emerg Crit Care 2001;11:7-14.

10. Oberbauer AM, Bell JS, Belanger JM, et al. Genetic evaluation of Addison's disease in the Portuguese Water Dog. BMC Vet Res 2006;2:15.

11. Rogers W, Strauss J, Chew D. Atypical hypoadrenocorticism in three dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1981;179(2):155-158.

12. Lane IF, Matwichuk CL, Carpenter LG, et al. Profound postanesthetic hypoglycemia attributable to glucocorticoid deficiency in 2 dogs. Can Vet J 1999;40:497-500.

13. Herrtage ME. Hypoadrenocorticism. In: Ettinger SJ, Feldman EC, eds. Textbook of veterinary internal medicine. 6th ed. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier, 2005;1612-1622.

14. Pak SI. The clinical implication of sodium-potassium ratios in dogs. J Vet Sci 2000;1(1):61-65.

15. Peterson ME, Feinman JM. Hypercalcemia associated with hypoadrenocorticism in sixteen dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1982;181(8):802-804.

16. Melián C, Stefanacci J, Peterson ME, et al. Radiographic findings in dogs with naturally-occurring primary hypoadrenocorticism. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1999;35(3):208-212.

17. Hoerauf A, Reusch C. Ultrasonographic evaluation of the adrenal glands in six dogs with hypoadrenocorticism. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1999;35(3):214-218.

18. Riesen SC, Lombard CW. ECG of the month. Atrial fibrillation secondary to hypoadrenocorticism. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2006;229(12):1890-1892.

19. Kerl ME, Peterson ME, Wallace MS, et al. Evaluation of a low-dose synthetic adrenocorticotropic hormone stimulation test in clinically normal dogs and dogs with naturally developing hyperadrenocorticism. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1999;214(10):1497-1501.


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