Vaginitis in dogs: A simple approach to a complex condition - Veterinary Medicine
Medicine Center
DVM Veterinary Medicine Featuring Information from:


Vaginitis in dogs: A simple approach to a complex condition
A definitive cause of vaginitis, which can range from anatomical abnormalities to systemic conditions, often cannot be determined. But this theriogenologist's clear diagnostic and treatment plan can help you eliminate the condition's irritating effects.



1. Parker NA. Clinical approach to canine vaginitis: a review, in Proceedings. Society Theriogenol, 1998;112-115.

2. Johnson CA. Diagnosis and treatment of chronic vaginitis in the bitch. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 1991;21(3):523-531.

3. Bjurstrom L. Aerobic bacteria occurring in the vagina of bitches with reproductive disorders. Acta Vet Scand 1993;34(1):29-34.

4. Laznicka A, Huml O, Nesnalova E. Microflora of genital organs of bitches and its relationship to reproductive disorders. II. Vaginitis. Veterinarstvi 1995;45:210-212.

5. Hirsh DC, Wiger N. The bacterial flora of the normal canine vagina compared with that of vaginal exudates. J Small Anim Pract 1977;18(1):25-30.

6. Jarvinen AK. Urogenital tract infection in the bitch. Vet Res Commun 1981;4(4):253-269.

7. Olson PNS, Mather EC. Canine vaginal and uterine bacterial flora. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1978;172(6):708-711.

8. Doig PA, Ruhnke HL, Bosu WTK. The genital Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma flora of healthy and diseased dogs. Can J Comp Med 1981;45(3):233-238.

9. Davidson AP. Frustrating case presentations in canine theriogenology. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2001;310(2):411-420.

10. Polzin DJ, Jeraj K. Urethritis, cystitis and ureteritis. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 1979;9(4):661-678.

11. Freshman JL, Reif JS, Allen TA, et al. Risk factors associated with urinary tract infection in female dogs. Prev Vet Med 1989;7:59-67.

12. Root MV, Johnston SD, Johnston GR. Vaginal septa in dogs: 15 cases (1983-1992). J Am Vet Med Assoc 1995;206(1):56-58.

13. Kyles AE, Vaden S, Hardie EM, et al. Vestibulovaginal stenosis in dogs: 18 cases (1987-1995). J Am Vet Med Assoc 1996;209(11):1889-1893.

14. Crawford JT, Adams WM. Influence of vestibulovaginal stenosis, pelvic bladder, and recessed vulva on response to treatment for clinical signs of lower urinary tract disease in dogs: 38 cases (1990-1999). J Am Vet Med Assoc 2002;221(7):995-999.

15. Schneider AL. Plausible causes of vaginitis. Honors Thesis, College of Agriculture, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minn, 2004.

16. Poste G, King N. Isolation of a herpesvirus from the canine genital tract: association with infertility, abortion and stillbirths. Vet Rec 1971;88(9):229-233.

17. Hill H, Mare CJ. Genital disease in dogs caused by canine herpesvirus. Am J Vet Res 1974;35(5):669-672.

18. Hollett RB. Canine brucellosis: outbreaks and compliance. Theriogenology 2006;66(3):575-587.

19. Levstein-Volanski R. Evaluation of tests used in canine theriogenology. RScV Thesis, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada, 2008.

20. Strom B, Linde-Forsberg C. Effects of ampicillin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole on the vaginal bacterial flora of bitches. Am J Vet Res 1993;54(6):891-896.

21. Hammel SP, Bjorling DE. Results of vulvoplasty for treatment of recessed vulva in dogs. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2002;38(1):79-83.

22. Okkens AC, Gunnink JW, Vogel F, et al. Vaginitis in the bitch. [German]. Tijdschr Diergeneeskd 1977;102(17):1034-1038.


Click here