A challenging case: Esophageal leiomyoma in a dog - Veterinary Medicine
  • SEARCH:
Medicine Center
DVM Veterinary Medicine Featuring Information from:

ADVERTISEMENT

A challenging case: Esophageal leiomyoma in a dog
These clinicians discovered that a senior dog's respiratory problems were caused by a benign but sizable esophageal tumor.


VETERINARY MEDICINE


CONCLUSION

Because tumor enucleation avoids esophageal resection and spares the mucosal surface, this technique should be considered for symptomatic esophageal leiomyomas in dogs, as expected complications would be minimal. In people, a low incidence of complications and recurrence is reported with enucleation of leiomyomas.

Stephanie A. Lister, DVM, MSc*
Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital
College of Veterinary Medicine
Kansas State University
Manhattan, KS 66506

Kevin Isakow, BVSc, MVSc, DACVS
404 Veterinary Hospital Referral Centre
1210 Journey's End Circle
Newmarket, Ontario L3Y 8Z6

*Current address: Veterinary Referral and Critical Care
1596 Hockett Road
Manakin-Sabot, VA 23103-2226

REFERENCES

1. Ridgway RL, Suter PF. Clinical and radiographic signs in primary and metastatic esophageal neoplasms of the dog. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1979;174(7):700-704.

2. Withrow SJ. Esophageal cancer. In: Withrow SJ, Vail DM, eds. Withrow and MacEwen's small animal clinical oncology. 4th ed. St. Louis, Mo: Saunders, 2007;477-478.

3. Ranen E, Shamir MH, Shahar R, et al. Partial esophagectomy with single layer closure for treatment of esophageal sarcomas in 6 dogs. Vet Surg 2004;33(4):428-434.

4. Gualtieri M, Monzeglio MG, Di Giancamillo M. Oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma in two cats. J Small Anim Pract 1999;40(2):79-83.

5. Culbertson R, Branam JE, Rosenblatt LS. Esophageal/gastric leiomyoma in the laboratory Beagle. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1983;183(11):1168-1171.

6. Lee LS, Singhal S, Brinster CJ, et al. Current management of esophageal leiomyoma. J Am Coll Surg 2004;198(1):136-146.

7. Kim TI, Park YS, Choi EH, et al. Endoscopic resection of a large leiomyoma of the esophagus. Gastrointest Endosc 2004;59(1):129-133.

8. Farese JP, Bacon NJ, Ehrhart NP, et al. Oesophageal leiomyosarcoma in dogs: surgical management and clinical outcome of four cases. Vet Comp Oncol 2008;6(1):31-38.

9. Matros L, Jergens AE, Miles KG, et al. Megaesophagus and hypomotility associated with esophageal leiomyoma in a dog. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1994;30:15-19.

10. Head KW. Tumors of the alimentary tract. In: Moulten JE, ed. Tumors in domestic animals. 3rd ed. Berkely, Calif: University California Press, 1990;347-428.

11. Bagley RS, Levy JK, Malarkey, DE. Hypoglycemia associated with intra-abdominal leiomyoma and leiomyosarcoma in six dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1996;208(1):69-71.

12. Wehrmann T, Martchenko K, Nakamura M, et al. Endoscopic resection of submucosal esophageal tumors: a prospective case series. Endoscopy 2004;36(9):802-807.

13. Rolfe DS, Twedt DC, Seim HB. Chronic regurgitation or vomiting caused by esophageal leiomyoma in three dogs. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1994;30:425-430.

14. Kerpsack SJ, Birchard SJ. Removal of leiomyomas and other noninvasive masses from the cardiac region of the canine stomach. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1994;30:500-504.

15. Grooters AM, Johnson SE. Canine gastric leiomyoma. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 1995;17:1485-1491.

16. McPherron MA, Withrow SJ, Seim HB, et al. Colorectal leiomyomas in 7 dogs. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1992;28:43-46.

17. Bonavina L, Segalin A, Rosati R, et al. Surgical therapy of esophageal leiomyoma. J Am Coll Surg 1995;181(3):257-262.

18. Moore TC, Goldstein J. Use of intact omentum for closure of full-thickness esophageal defects. Surgery 1959;45(6): 899-904.

19. Shamier MH, Shahar R, Johnston DE, et al. Approaches to esophageal sutures. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 1999;21(5): 414-421.

20. Kyles AE. Esophagus. In: Slatter D, ed. Textbook of small animal surgery. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders, 2003;573-592.

21. Saint JH, Mann FC. Experimental surgery of the esophagus. Arch Surg 1929;18:2324-2338.

22. Muangsombut J, Hankins JR, Mason GR, et al. The use of circular myotomy to facilitate resection and end-to-end anastomosis of the esophagus. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1974;68(4):522-529.


ADVERTISEMENT

Source: VETERINARY MEDICINE,
Click here