Canine blastomycosis: A review and update on diagnosis and treatment - Veterinary Medicine
  • SEARCH:
Medicine Center
DVM Veterinary Medicine Featuring Information from:

ADVERTISEMENT

Canine blastomycosis: A review and update on diagnosis and treatment
This fungal disease, which readily infects dogs and people, typically starts out in the lungs but can go on to invade many tissues throughout the body. Identifying it quickly and implementing antifungal therapy can result in a good prognosis.


VETERINARY MEDICINE


REFERENCES

1. Legendre AM. Blastomycosis. In: Greene CE, ed. Infectious diseases of the dog and cat. 3rd ed. St. Louis, Mo: Saunders, 2006;569-576.

2. Kerl ME. Update on canine and feline fungal diseases. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2003;33(4):721-747.

3. Arceneaux KA, Taboada J, Hosgood G. Blastomycosis in dogs: 115 cases (1980-1995). J Am Vet Med Assoc 1998;213(5):658-664.

4. Brömel C, Sykes JE. Epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of blastomycosis in dogs and cats. Clin Tech Small Anim Pract 2005;20(4):233-239.

5. Rudmann DG, Coolman BR, Perez CM, et al. Evaluation of risk factors for blastomycosis in dogs: 857 cases (1980-1990). J Am Vet Med Assoc 1992;201(11):1754-1759.

6. Harasen GLG, Randall JW. Canine blastomycosis in Southern Saskatchewan. Can Vet J 1986;27(10):375-378.

7. Baumgardner DJ, Paretsky DP, Yopp AC. The epidemiology of blastomycosis in dogs: north central Wisconsin, USA. J Med Vet Mycol 1995;33(3):171-176.

8. Baumgardner DJ, Steber D, Glazier R, et al. Geographic information system analysis of blastomycosis in northern Wisconsin, USA: waterways and soil. Med Mycol 2005;43(2):117-125.

9. McMillan CJ, Taylor SM. Transtracheal aspiration in the diagnosis of pulmonary blastomycosis (17 cases: 2000-2005). Can Vet J 2008;49(1):53-55.

10. Crews LJ, Feeney DA, Jessen CR, et al. Utility of diagnostic tests for and medical treatment of pulmonary blastomycosis in dogs: 125 cases (1989-2006). J Am Vet Med Assoc 2008;232(2):222-227.

11. Garma-Aviña A. Cytologic findings in 43 cases of blastomycosis diagnosed ante-mortem in naturally-infected dogs. Mycopathologia 1995;131(2):87-91.

12. Krohne SG. Canine systemic fungal infections. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2000;30(5):1063-1090.

13. Bloom JD, Hamor RE, Gerding PA Jr. Ocular blastomycosis in dogs: 73 cases, 108 eyes (1985-1993). J Am Vet Med Assoc 1996;209(7):1271-1274.

14. Legendre AM. Blastomycosis. In Greene CE, ed. Infectious diseases of the dog and cat. 1st ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders, 1990;669-678.

15. Legendre AM. Blastomycosis. In Greene CE, ed. Infectious diseases of the dog and cat. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders, 1998;371-377.

16. Lavely J, Lipsitz D. Fungal infections of the central nervous system in the dog and cat. Clin Tech Small Anim Pract 2005;20(4):212-219.

17. Legendre AM, Rohrbach BW, Toal RL, et al. Treatment of blastomycosis with itraconazole in 112 dogs. J Vet Intern Med 1996;10(6):365-371.

18. Nafe LA, Turk JR, Carter JD. Central nervous system involvement of blastomycosis in the dog. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1983;19:933-936.

19. Saito M, Sharp NJH, Munana K, et al. CT findings of intracranial blastomycosis in a dog. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2002;43(1):16-21.

20. Dow SW, Legendre AM, Stiff M, et al. Hypercalcemia associated with blastomycosis in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1986;188(7):706-709.

21. Crews LJ, Sharkey LC, Feeney DA, et al. Evaluations of total and ionized calcium status in dogs with blastomycosis: 38 cases (1997-2006). J Am Vet Med Assoc 2007;231(10):1545-1549.

22. Crews LJ, Feeney DA, Jessen CR, et al. Radiographic findings in dogs with pulmonary blastomycosis: 125 cases (1989-2006). J Am Vet Med Assoc 2008;232(2):215-221.

23. Karnik PS. What is your diagnosis? Diffuse nodular bronchointerstitial pattern. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2003;222(1):27-28.

24. Gaunt MC, Taylor SM, Kerr ME. Central nervous system blastomycosis in a dog. Can Vet J 2009;in press.

25. Nemanic S, London CA, Wisner ER. Comparison of thoracic radiographs and single breath-hold helical CT for detection of pulmonary nodules in dogs with metastatic neoplasia. J Vet Intern Med 2006;20(3):508-515.

26. Ober CP, Barber D. Comparison of two- vs. three-view thoracic radiographic studies on conspicuity of structured interstitial patterns in dogs. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2006;47(6):542-545.

27. Hawkins EC, DeNicola DB. Cytologic analysis of tracheal wash specimens and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in the diagnosis of mycotic infections in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1990;197(1):79-83.

28. Wood EF, O'Brien RT, Young KM. Ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration of focal parenchymal lesions of the lung in dogs and cats. J Vet Intern Med 1998;12(5):338-342.

29. Friedman JA, Wijdicks EFM, Fulgham JR, et al. Meningoencephalitis due to Blastomyces dermatitidis: case report and literature review. Mayo Clin Proc 2000;75(4):403-408.

30. Dial SM. Fungal diagnostics: current techniques and future trends. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2007;37(2):373-392.

31. Durkin M, Witt J, LeMonte A, et al. Antigen assay with the potential to aid in diagnosis of blastomycosis. J Clin Microbiol 2004;42(10):4873-4875.

32. Shurley JF, Legendre AM, Scalarone GM. Blastomyces dermatitidis antigen detection in urine specimens from dogs with blastomycosis using a competitive binding inhibition ELISA. Mycopathologia 2005;160(2):137-142.

33. Spector D, Legendre AM, Wheat J, et al. Antigen and antibody testing for the diagnosis of blastomycosis in dogs. J Vet Intern Med 2008;22(4):839-843.

34. Grooters AM, Taboada J. Update on antifungal therapy. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2003;33(4):749-758.

35. O'Brien CR, Krockenberger MB, Martin P, et al. Long-term outcome of therapy for 59 cats and 11 dogs with cryptococcosis. Aust Vet J 2006;84(11):384-392.

36. Wiebe V, Karriker M. Therapy of systemic fungal infections: a pharmacologic perspective. Clin Tech Small Anim Pract 2005;20(4):250-257.

37. Taboada J, Grooters AM. Systemic mycoses. In: Ettinger SJ, Feldman EC, eds. Textbook of veterinary internal medicine. 6th ed. Vol. 1. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier Saunders 2005;671-690.

38. Brooks DE, Legendre AM, Gum GG, et al. The treatment of ocular blastomycosis with systemically administered itraconazole. Prog Vet Comp Ophthalmol 1991;4:263-268.

39. Gionfriddo JR, Powell CC. Disseminated blastomycosis with ocular involvement in a dog. Vet Med 2002;97(6):423-431.

40. Howard J, Arceneaux KA, Paugh-Partington B, et al. Blastomycosis granuloma involving the cranial vena cava associated with chylothorax and cranial vena caval syndrome in a dog. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2000;36(2):159-161.


ADVERTISEMENT

Source: VETERINARY MEDICINE,
Click here