Canine EPI: Concurrent and secondary diseases - Veterinary Medicine
Medicine Center
DVM Veterinary Medicine Featuring Information from:


Canine EPI: Concurrent and secondary diseases


Other diseases

Other concurrent diseases found in dogs with EPI include skin disease (29%), musculoskeletal disease (16%), gastrointestinal diseases unrelated to EPI (13%), neuromuscular disease (9%), urogenital disease (9%), cardiopulmonary disease (7%), and diabetes mellitus (2%).3 No causal relationships have been established between EPI and any of these conditions.

Jessica A. Morgan, DVM
Lisa E. Moore, DVM, DACVIM
Affiliated Veterinary Specialists
9905 South U.S. Highway 17/92
Maitland, FL 32751


1. Westermarck E, Wiberg M, Steiner J, et al. Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency in dogs and cats. In: Ettinger SJ, Feldman EC, eds. Textbook of veterinary internal medicine. 6th ed. St Louis, Mo: Elsevier Saunders, 2005;1492–1495.

2. Wiberg ME, Nurmi AK, Westermarck E. Serum trypsinlike immunoreactivity measurement for the diagnosis of subclinical exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. J Vet Intern Med 1999;13(5):426-432.

3. Batchelor DJ, Noble PJ, Taylor RH, et al. Prognostic factors in canine exocrine pancreatic insufficiency: prolonged survival is likely if clinical remission is achieved. J Vet Intern Med 2007;21(1):54-60.

4. Williams DA, Batt RM, McLean L. Bacterial overgrowth in the duodenum of dogs with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1987;191(2):201-206.

5. Hall EJ, German AJ. Diseases of the small intestine. In: Ettinger SJ, Feldman EC, eds. Textbook of veterinary internal medicine. 6th ed. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier Saunders, 2005:1332-1378.

6. Simpson KW, Morton DB, Batt RM. Effect of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency on cobalamin absorption in dogs. Am J Vet Res 1989;50(8):1233-1236.

7. Westermarck E, Rimaila-Parnanen E. Mesenteric torsion in dogs with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency: 21 cases (1978-1987). J Am Vet Med Assoc 1989;195(10):1404-1406.


Click here