Local and regional anesthesia techniques, Part 4: Epidural anesthesia and analgesia - Veterinary Medicine
  • SEARCH:
Medicine Center
DVM Veterinary Medicine Featuring Information from:

ADVERTISEMENT

Local and regional anesthesia techniques, Part 4: Epidural anesthesia and analgesia
Consider this straightforward and economical technique to relieve your patients' pain. And if you haven't already learned the technique, attend a wet lab or visit a local referral practice. You and your patients will benefit.


VETERINARY MEDICINE


REFERENCES

1. Stoelting RK, Hillier SC. Local anesthetics. In: Pharmacology and physiology in anesthetic practice. 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006;179-207.

2. Scarda RT, Tranquilli WJ. Local anesthetics; Local and regional anesthetic techniques: dogs; Local and regional anesthetic techniques: cats. In: Tranquilli WJ, Thurmon JC, Grimm KA, eds. Lumb and Jones' veterinary anesthesia and analgesia. 4th ed. Ames, Iowa: Blackwell Publishing, 2007;395-418, 561-604.

3. Lemke KA. Pain management II: local and regional anaesthetic techniques. In: Seymour C, Duke-Novakovski T, eds. BSAVA manual of canine and feline anaesthesia and analgesia. 2nd ed. Gloucester, UK: British Small Animal Veterinary Association, 2007;104-114.

4. Valverde A. Epidural analgesia and anesthesia in dogs and cats. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2008;38(6):1205-1230.

5. Hansen BD. Epidural catheter analgesia in dogs and cats: techniques and review of 182 cases (1991-1999). J Vet Emerg Crit Care 2001;11(2):95-103.

6. Swalander DB, Crowe DT Jr, Hittenmiller DH, et al. Complications associated with the use of indwelling epidural catheters in dogs: 81 cases (1996-1999). J Am Vet Med Assoc 2000;216(3):368-370.

7. Valverde A, Dyson DH, McDonnell WN. Epidural morphine reduces halothane MAC in the dog. Can J Anaesth 1989;36(6):629-632.

8. Yaksh TL. Pharmacology and mechanisms of opioid analgesic activity. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 1997;41:94-111.

9. Stein C, Machelska H, Schäfer M. Peripheral analgesic and antiinflammatory effects of opioids. Z Rheumatol 2001;60(6):416-424.

10. Förster JG, Rosenberg PH. Clinically useful adjuvants in regional anaesthesia. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2003;16(5):477-486.

11. Smith LJ, Kwang-An Yu J. A comparison of epidural buprenorphine with epidural morphine for postoperative analgesia following stifle surgery in dogs. Vet Anaesth Analg 2001;28(2):87-96.

12. Pypendop BH, Siao KT, Pascoe PJ, et al. Effects of epidurally administered morphine or buprenorphine on the thermal threshold in cats. Am J Vet Res 2008;69(8):983-987.

13. Morimoto K, Nishimura R, Matsunaga S, et al. Epidural analgesia with a combination of bupivacaine and buprenorphine in rats. J Vet Med 2001;48(5):303-312.

14. Schug SA, Saunders D, Kurowski I, et al. Neuraxial drug administration: a review of treatment options for anaesthesia and analgesia. CNS Drugs 2006;20(11):917-933.

15. Vesal N, Cribb PH, Frketic M. Postoperative analgesic and cardiopulmonary effects in dogs of oxymorphone administered epidurally and intramuscularly, and medetomidine administered epidurally: a comparative clinical study. Vet Surg 1996;25(4):361-369.

16. Duke T, Cox AM, Remedios AM, et al. The analgesic effects of administering fentanyl or medetomidine in the lumbosacral epidural space of cats. Vet Surg 1994;23(2):143-148.

17. Sabbe MB, Penning JP, Ozaki GT, et al. Spinal and systemic action of the alpha 2 receptor agonist dexmedetomidine in dogs. Antinociception and carbon dioxide response. Anesthesiology 1994;80(5):1057-1072.

18. Campagnol D, Teixeira Neto FJ, Giordano T, et al. Effects of epidural administration of dexmedetomidine on the minimum alveolar concentration of isoflurane in dogs. Am J Vet Res 2007;68(12):1308-1318.

19. Pacharinsak C, Greene SA, Keegan RD, et al. Postoperative analgesia in dogs receiving epidural morphine plus medetomidine. J Vet Pharmacol Ther 2003;26(1):71-77.


ADVERTISEMENT

Source: VETERINARY MEDICINE,
Click here