If multiple lesions exist, surgical excision can be staged, with early surgical removal being performed on those lesions that
can easily be excised and closed. Medical treatment is initiated for four to six weeks after you receive the results of histologic
examination and bacterial culture and antimicrobial sensitivity testing. After this four to six weeks, the remaining wounds
can be evaluated for surgical removal.
4. A cat with recurrence of lesions on the lateral abdomen and ventral abdomen six weeks after aggressive surgical excision
(the cat head is to the left and the ventral aspect of the abdomen is toward the bottom of the photo). The arrowheads are
pointing to the draining tracts. The cat had received an antibiotic postoperatively for a minimum of three weeks.
Some reports in the veterinary literature advocate omentoplasty to treat chronic wounds in cats (Figure 3).13-15 The functions of the omentum include fibrinolysis, tissue adhesion, angiogenesis, immune surveillance, and lymphatic drainage.13-18 In one retrospective study involving five cats with chronic skin lesions that were treated with omentoplasty, complete and
uneventful healing occurred in all five cats.15 The mean follow-up time in the study was 2.5 years. Another retrospective study involving chronic axillary wounds in 10
cats that were treated with omentoplasty found that a long-term cure was achieved in seven cats.13 These reports suggest that in cats with chronic wounds, omentoplasty may be valuable and should be considered. Despite radical
surgical excision of diseased tissue, recurrence in cats with AMP is high (Figures 4 & 5). Owners must be warned of the potential for recurrence before surgery. These surgeries typically require referral.
5. The same cat as in Figure 3 (the cats head is to the right of the photo). The lesions recurred as draining tracts (arrowheads)
despite aggressive surgical excision and use of a caudal superficial epigastric flap.
Therapeutic monitoring and prognosis
After initiating medical therapy, reevaluate cats with a clinical examination once or twice a month. In patients with improving
lesions, continue the current treatment and monitoring protocol for three to six months, or one or two months beyond the resolution
of all lesions. Cats that experience initial, but incomplete clinical improvement that later plateaus should be examined on
a biweekly basis. If lesion resolution is not appreciated over an additional four-week period, consider adjunctive surgical
débridement of the affected areas and continue antimicrobial monotherapy.1,7 In cats with AMP that suffer from progressive cutaneous disease despite treatment with an appropriate antimicrobial, perform
additional tissue biopsies and cultures with antimicrobial sensitivity testing to confirm the diagnosis and document the development
of potential antimicrobial resistance. In our experience, these difficult cases are best treated with both surgery and long-term,
combination antimicrobial treatment based on the susceptibility patterns obtained from the most recent biopsy. The overall
prognosis for cats with AMP remains guarded.
Because of medical and surgical advances that allow for an earlier and more accurate diagnosis and safer, more aggressive
treatment, feline AMP should be considered a manageable and potentially curable disease.1,7 Consistent and thorough patient monitoring and client communication are paramount to successful long-term outcomes. The
chronic nature of this disease requires that the owner of a cat with AMP be adequately prepared for the time, potential disappointment,
and financial commitments associated with treatment. Unsuccessful treatment or no treatment results in disease progression,
debilitation, pain, and death or euthanasia.
Thomas O. Manning, DVM, MS, DACVD
John H. Rossmeisl Jr., DVM, MS, DACVIM (internal medicine and neurology)
Otto I. Lanz, DVM, DACVS
Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences
Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine
Blacksburg, VA 24061