Feline atypical mycobacterial panniculitis: Treatment, monitoring, and prognosis - Veterinary Medicine
Medicine Center
DVM Veterinary Medicine Featuring Information from:


Feline atypical mycobacterial panniculitis: Treatment, monitoring, and prognosis
Antimicrobial therapy is indicated in all cats with this disfiguring disease. Surgical therapy can be added depending on the severity of the lesions. These clinicians offer guidance on selecting the right treatment method for each cat.



1. Malik, R. et al.: Infection of the subcutis and skin of cats with rapidly growing mycobacteria: A review of microbiological and clinical findings. J. Feline Med. Surg. 2 (1):35-48; 2000.

2. Jang, S.S.; Hirsch, D.C.: Rapidly growing members of the genus Mycobacterium affecting dogs and cats. JAAHA 38 (3):217-220; 2002.

3. Koontz, F.P. et al.: Etest for routine clinical antimicrobial susceptibility testing of rapid-growing mycobacteria isolates. Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 19 (3):183-186; 1994.

4. Wallace, R.J. Jr.: Recent changes in taxonomy and disease manifestations of the rapidly growing mycobacteria. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 13 (11):953-960; 1994.

5. Kunkle, G.A. et al.: Rapidly-growing mycobacteria as a cause of cutaneous granulomas: Report of five cases. JAAHA 19:513-521; 1983.

6. White, S.D. et al.: Cutaneous atypical mycobacteriosis in cats. JAVMA 182 (11):1218-1222; 1983.

7. Lemarie, S.L.: Mycobacterial dermatitis. Vet. Clin. North Am. (Small Anim. Pract.) 29 (6):1291-1301; 1999.

8. Studdert, V.P.; Hughes, K.L.: Treatment of opportunistic mycobacterial infections with enrofloxacin in cats. JAVMA 201 (9):1388-1390; 1992.

9. Hooper, D.C.; Wolfson, J.S.: Fluoroquinolone antimicrobial agents. N. Engl. J. Med. 324 (6):384-394; 1991.

10. Gelatt, K.N. et al.: Enrofloxacin-associated retinal degeneration in cats. Vet. Ophthalmol. 4 (2):99-106; 2001.

11. Alander-Damsten, Y.K. et al.: Panniculitis, due to Mycobacterium smegmatis, in two Finnish cats. J. Feline Med. Surg. 5 (1):19-26; 2003.

12. McGrotty, Y.L.; Knottenbelt, C.M.: Oesophageal stricture in a cat due to oral administration of tetracyclines. J. Small Anim. Pract. 43 (5):221-223; 2002.

13. Lascelles, B.D. et al.: Use of omental pedicle grafts in the management of non-healing axillary wounds in 10 cats. J. Small Anim. Pract. 39 (10):475-480; 1998.

14. Lascelles, B.D.; White, R.A.: Combined omental pedicle grafts and thoracodorsal axial pattern flaps for the reconstruction of chronic, nonhealing axillary wounds in cats. Vet. Surg. 30 (4):380-385; 2001.

15. Brockman, D.J. et al.: Omentum-enhanced reconstruction of chronic nonhealing wounds in cats: Techniques and clinical use. Vet. Surg. 25 (2):99-104; 1996.

16. Bray, J.P. et al.: Partial resection and omentalization: A new technique for management of prostatic retention cysts in dogs. Vet. Surg. 26 (3):202-209; 1997.

17. Lafond, E. et al.: Omentalization of the thorax for treatment of idiopathic chylothorax with constrictive pleuritis in a cat. JAAHA 38 (1):74-78; 2002.

18. White, R.A.; Williams, J.M.: Intracapsular prostatic omentalization: A new technique for management of prostatic abscesses in dogs. Vet. Surg. 24 (5):390-395; 1995.


Click here