Recognizing and treating pericardial disease - Veterinary Medicine
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Recognizing and treating pericardial disease
The clinical signs of pericardial disease are similar to those of other heart problems whose treatment may conflict with how we treat pericardial effusion. And if tamponade develops, it's a true emergency. Here is the information you need to capably handle these cases, including a step-by-step protocol to perform pericardiocentesis.


VETERINARY MEDICINE


PROGNOSIS

The prognosis for a patient with pericardial disease depends on the underlying etiology, varying from excellent to grave. See the discussion under individual etiologies for more detail.

CONCLUSION

The successful management of pericardial disease in small animals depends on rapidly diagnosing and managing cardiac tamponade, if present. Even a small volume of effusion can significantly impact cardiac output when it leads to cardiac tamponade.

Mark D. Olcott, DVM
Animal Emergency & Critical Care
165 Ft. Evans Road NE
Leesburg, VA 20176

Meg M. Sleeper, VMD, DACVIM (cardiology)
Section of Cardiology
Department of Clinical Studies
Veterinary Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA 19104

REFERENCES

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3. Buchanan JW. Causes and prevalence of cardiovascular disease. In: Kirk RW, Bonagura JD, eds. Kirk's current veterinary therapy XI: small animal practice. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders, 1992;647-655.

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8. Berg RJ, Wingfield WE, Hoopes PJ. Idiopathic hemorrhagic pericardial effusion in eight dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1984;185(9):988-992.

9. Hall DJ, Shofer F, Meier CK, et al. Pericardial effusion in cats: a retrospective study of clinical findings and outcome in 146 cats. J Vet Intern Med 2007;21(5):1002-1007.

10. Davidson BJ, Paling AC, Lahmers SL, et al. Disease association and clinical assessment of feline pericardial effusion. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2008;44(1):5-9.

11. Reimer SB, Kyles AE, Filipowicz DE, et al. Long-term outcome of cats treated conservatively or surgically for peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia: 66 cases (1987-2002). J Am Vet Med Assoc 2004;224(5):728-732.


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Source: VETERINARY MEDICINE,
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