Cold critters: Understanding hypothermia - Veterinary Medicine
  • SEARCH:
Medicine Center
DVM Veterinary Medicine Featuring Information from:

ADVERTISEMENT

Cold critters: Understanding hypothermia
Likely, you've had some experience with patients with hypothermia, but how well do you understand the condition? This specialist lays out the mechanics of hypothermia and the many potential complications associated with it.


VETERINARY MEDICINE


REFERENCES

1. Matsuzaki Y, Matsukawa T, Ohki K, et al. Warming by resistive heating maintains perioperative normothermia as well as forced air heating. Br J Anaesth 2003;90:689-691.

2. Polderman KH. Mechanisms of action, physiological effects, and complications of hypothermia. Crit Care Med 2009;37(7 Suppl):S186-202.

3. Smith TM, Berk AS, Upadhyay H. Severe hypothermia in a patient with spinal cord injury without radiological abnormality. J Emerg Trauma Shock 2011;4:421-424.

4. Sessler D. Temperature monitoring. In: Miller R, ed. Anesthesia. 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Churchill Livingstone, 1994;1363-1382.

5. Guyton A. Body temperature, temperature regulation, and fever. In: Textbook of medical physiology. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders Co, 1991;797-808.

6. Sessler DI. Perioperative heat balance. Anesthesiology 2000;92:578-596.

7. Kurz A. Physiology of thermoregulation. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 2008;22:627-644.

8. Hammel HT. Regulation of internal body temperature. Annu Rev Physiol 1968;30:641-710.

9. Spence RJ, Rhodes BA, Wagner HN Jr. Regulation of arteriovenous anastomotic and capillary blood flow in the dog leg. Am J Physiol 1972;222:326-332.

10. Hales JR, Fawcett AA, Bennett JW, et al. Thermal control of blood flow through capillaries and arteriovenous anastomoses in skin of sheep. Pflugers Arch 1978;378:55-63.

11. Oncken A, Kirby R, Rudloff E. Hypothermia in critically ill dogs and cats. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 2001;23:506-521.

12. Roberts MF, Chilgren JD, Zygmunt AC. Effect of temperature on alpha-adrenoceptor affinity and contractility of rabbit ear blood vessels. Blood Vessels 1989;26:185-196.

13. Mareedu RK, Grandhe NP, Gangineni S, et al. Classic EKG changes of hypothermia. Clin Med Res 2008;6:107-108.

14. Slovis C, Jenkins R. ABC of clinical electrocardiography: conditions not primarily affecting the heart. BMJ 2002;324:1320-1323.

15. Olgers TJ, Ubels FL. The ECG in hypothermia: Osborn waves. Neth J Med 2006;64:350, 353.

16. Van Mieghem C, Sabbe M, Knockaert D. The clinical value of the ECG in noncardiac conditions. Chest 2004;125:1561-1576.

17. Gussak I, Bjerregaard P, Egan TM, et al. ECG phenomenon called the J wave: history, pathophysiology and clinical significance. J Electrocardiol 1995:28:49-58.

18. Wong FW. J wave and hypothermia. Dynamics 2005;16:17-18.

19. Pasquier M, Pasquier J, Vallotton L. J wave in hypothermia. J Trauma 2011;71:E99.


ADVERTISEMENT

Source: VETERINARY MEDICINE,
Click here