Cold critters: Understanding hypothermia - Veterinary Medicine
Medicine Center
DVM Veterinary Medicine Featuring Information from:


Cold critters: Understanding hypothermia
Likely, you've had some experience with patients with hypothermia, but how well do you understand the condition? This specialist lays out the mechanics of hypothermia and the many potential complications associated with it.


40. Schubert A. Side effects of mild hypothermia. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 1995;7:139-147.

41. Valeri CR, Feingold H, Cassidy G, et al. Hypothermia-induced reversible platelet dysfunction. Ann Surg 1987;205:175-181.

42. Oung CM, Li MS, Shum-Tim D, et al. In vivo study of bleeding time and arterial hemorrhage in hypothermic versus normothermic animals. J Trauma 1993;35:251-254.

43. Broman M, Kallskog O, Nygren K, et al. The role of antidiuretic hormone in cold-induced diuresis in the anaesthetized rat. Acta Physiol Scand 1998;162:475-480.

44. Chen RY, Chien S. Hemodynamic functions and blood viscosity in surface hypothermia. Am J Physiol 1978;235:H136-143.

45. Debakey ME, Morris G, Moyer JH. Hypothermia. I. Effect on renal hemodynamics and on excretion of water and electrolytes in dog and man. Ann Surg 1957;145:26-40.

46. Moyer JH, Heider C, Morris GC Jr, et al. Hypothermia. III. The effect of hypothermia on renal damage resulting from ischemia. Ann Surg 1957;146:152-166.

47. Michenfelder JD, Theye RA. Hypothermia: effect on canine brain and whole-body metabolism. Anesthesiology 1968;29:1107-1112.

48. Weinrauch V, Safar P, Tisherman S, et al. Beneficial effect of mild hypothermia and detrimental effect of deep hypothermia after cardiac arrest in dogs. Stroke 1992;23:1454-1462.

49. Yoshida M, Shibata K, Itoh H, et al. Cardiovascular responses to the induction of mild hypothermia in the presence of epidural anesthesia. Anesthesiology 2001; 94:678-682.

50. Cabell LW, Perkowski SZ, Gregor T, et al. The effects of active peripheral skin warming on perioperative hypothermia in dogs. Vet Surg 1997;26:79-85.

51. Van Oss CJ, Absolom DR, Moore LL, et al. Effect of temperature of the chemotaxis, phagocytic engulfment, digestion and O2 consumption of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes. J Reticuloendothel Soc 1980;27:561-565.

52. Kurz A, Sessler DI, Lenhardt R. Perioperative normothermia to reduce the incidence of surgical-wound infection and shorten hospitalization. Study of Wound Infection and Temperature Group. N Engl J Med 1996;334:1209-1215.

53. Beal MW, Brown DC, Shofer FS. The effects of perioperative hypothermia and the duration of anesthesia on postoperative wound infection rate in clean wounds: a retrospective study. Vet Surg 2000;29:123-127.

54. Gyulai FE. Anesthetics and cerebral metabolism. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2004;17:397-402.

55. Brunner EA, Cheng SC, Berman ML. Effects of anesthesia on intermediary metabolism. Annu Rev Med 1975;26:391-401, 1975.

56. Drummond GB. Reduction of tonic ribcage muscle activity by anesthesia with thiopental. Anesthesiology 1987;67:695-700.

57. Haskins S. Perioperative monitoring. In: Paddleford R, ed. Manual of small animal anesthesia. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders Co, 1999;123-146.

58. Rutherford EJ, Fusco MA, Nunn CR, et al. Hypothermia in critically ill trauma patients. Injury 1998;29:605-608.

59. Jurkovich GJ, Greiser WB, Luterman A, et al. Hypothermia in trauma victims: an ominous predictor of survival. J Trauma 1987;27:1019-1024.

60. Steinemann S, Shackford SR, Davis JW. Implications of admission hypothermia in trauma patients. J Trauma 1990;30:200-202.

61. Sori AJ, el-Assuooty A, Rush BF Jr, et al. The effect of temperature on survival in hemorrhagic shock. Am Surg 1987;53:706-710.


Click here