Clinical Rounds: Anal sac adenocarcinoma - Veterinary Medicine
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Clinical Rounds: Anal sac adenocarcinoma
Make rounds with these veterinary specialists and residents for a complete picture of this neoplasia in dogs.



1. Bennett PF, DeNicola DB, Bonney P, et al. Canine anal sac adenocarcinoma: clinical presentation and response to therapy. J Vet Intern Med 2002;16(1):100-104.

2. Polton GA, Brearley MJ. Clinical stage, therapy, and prognosis in canine anal sac gland carcinoma. J Vet Intern Med 2007;21(2):274-280.

3. Ross JT, Scavelli TD, Matthiesen DT, et al. Adenocarcinoma of the apocrine glands of the anal sac in dogs: a review of 32 cases. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1991;27:349-355.

4. Williams LE, Gliatto JM, Dodge RK, et al. Carcinoma of the apocrine glands of the anal sac in dogs: 113 cases (1985-1995). J Am Vet Med Assoc 2003;223(6):825-831.

5. Feldman EC, Nelson RW. Hypercalcemia and primary hyperparathyroidism. Canine and feline endocrinology and reproduction. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: W.B. Saunders Company, 2003;661-715.

6. Llabrés-díaz F. Ultrasonography of the medial iliac lymph nodes in the dog. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2004;45(2):156-165.

7. Raskin RE. Skin and subcutaneous tissues. In: Raskin RE, Meyer DJ, eds. Canine and feline cytology: a color atlas and interpretation guide. 2nd ed. St. Louis. Mo: Saunders Elsevier, 2010;26-76.

8. Turek MM, Forrest LJ, Adams WM, et al. Postoperative radiotherapy and mitoxantrone for anal sac adenocarcinoma in the dog: 15 cases (1991-2001). Vet Comp Oncol 2003;1(2):94-104.

9. Brown RJ, Newman SJ, Durtschi DC, et al. Expression of PDGFR-Beta and Kit in canine anal sac apocrine gland adenocarcinoma using tissue immunohistochemistry. Vet Comp Oncol Online publication: 3 Aug 2011.

10. Anderson CR, McNiel EA, Gillette EL, et al. Late complications of pelvic irradiation in 16 dogs. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2002;43(2):187-192.

11. Arthur JJ, Kleiter MM, Thrall DE, et al. Characterization of normal tissue complications in 51 dogs undergoing definitive radiation irradiation. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2008;49(1):85-89.


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