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Alternative medicine
Booming growth of small-animal practice in China
Increased collaboration with the United States has led China to pursue more oversight for veterinary education at home. See what your colleagues across the Pacific face in the ever-expanding world of veterinary medicine.
Major areas of subjects covered in veterinary licensure examination in China
This table breaks down the veterinary subjects covered in the veterinary licensure examination in China.
Myofascial pain syndrome in dogs
How painful trigger points develop and how you can use rehabilitative techniques to relieve them.
Okla. reviews rules on animal massage, acupressure
Oklahoma City, Okla. — Oklahoma lawmakers are trying to redefine the certification process for animal massage and acupressure.
U.S. Department of Agriculture investigates citrus peels as antimicrobial substitute
Washington — More than a decade of research by the United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Agricultural Research Service (ARS) indicates that citrus peels, specifically a compound called d-limonen, may be a viable substitute for antimicrobials in livestock.
California DVM wants clinical trial on medical use of marijuana in pets
Chatsworth, Calif. — A California relief veterinarian is polling pet owners about the use of medical marijuana in animals with the goal of using the survey's results to leverage a clinical study about the drug's efficacy in relieving pet pain.
AMC stem cell study to investigate intra-arterial injection for kidney disease
New York, N.Y. — A novel new study at the Animal Medical Center (AMC) is investigating the impact of intra-arterial injection of stem cells on chronic kidney disease in cats and protein-losing nephropathy in dogs.
Veterinary homeopathy group sues over continuing education credit denial
Leucadia, Calif. — The Academy of Veterinary Homeopathy (AVH) has asked a Virginia circuit court to award it more than $70,000 in damages after its continuing education (CE) courses were denied approval by the American Association of Veterinary State Boards' (AAVSB) Registry of Approved Continuing Education (RACE) Committee.
Pa. DVM pioneers stem cell treatment on neglect case
When police found him, Bernie had severe, third-degree burns on all four feet, and on his back and belly.
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Anesthesia
Debunking 20/20: The real truth about veterinary medicine
How to tackle your clients' questions in the wake of ABC's news report.
AAHA mandates dental anesthesia, intubation for accredited veterinary hospitals
New standard applies to all dental procedures, including cleaning.
Leading Off: Fluid therapy strategies: New guidelines for dogs and cats
This comprehensive set of guidelines is a must-read and should receive a place in your library for training and regular reference.
Idea Exchange: Recycled vaccine tray lids make organizing easy
A handy way to individualize anesthetic prep materials for each patient.
Crystalloids or colloids?
Vital information to help you decided which IV fluid is best in each patient.
Rethinking your approach to perioperative fluid therapy
Every anesthetic and surgical circumstance warrants its own unique fluid requirements.
A new way to monitor and individualize your fluid therapy plan
Recent findings point to new ways to monitor fluid therapy perioperatively and to gear fluid therapy protocols to each individual animal.
Say goodbye to dental
Why you and your team need to adopt a new term—COHAT—to encompass all the facets of regular dental care.
Idea Exchange: Keep patients Snuggie and warm
Try these sleeved blankets for pets to keep your postop patients warm.
 MORE ARTICLES

Animal welfare
Blog: So where do things stand with dog populations in the U.S.?
Crackdowns on breeding, success with shelter neutering--while good things--could leave future veterinary clients without a source for pet dogs.
Scott Palmer appointed as New York's first equine veterinary medical director
Position created to ensure ethical standards and safety in state?s horse racing industry.
Pets and Vets: Clopton indicted on 52 counts in 'Edgewood 48' case
Ex-veterinarian stripped of her license last year, indicted on 48 counts of animal cruetly, practicing veterinary medicine without a license and three drug possession felonies.
QUIZ: How much do you know about the American West's wild horse population?
A recent evaluation by a National Research Council committee sheds light on the National Wild Horses and Burros Program.
Blog: Survey of young pet owners calls shelter marketing into question
'Problem pets' stigma is driving down adoptions, experts fear.
Letters: Onychectomy complications
A reader's response to "Mind Over Miller: An exorbitant onychectomy" in the August 2013 issue.
SLIDESHOW: Economic and political challenges abound in efforts to manage horses on public lands
Study finds if processes go unchanged and trends continue, the already overpopulated American West could see a runaway wild horse population.
Wild horse population projected to reach catastrophic levels
Economic and political challenges abound in efforts to manage horses on public lands.
Center for Veterinary Biologics employees sent back to work to approve animal vaccines
Despite shutdown furloughs, AVMA and Rep. Schrader push ag secretary to reassess CVB workers as critical to public health.
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Audio
Have You Heard? Voice recognition: Does your cat know it's you?
Hear all about a study that investigated whether cats could distinguish their owners' voices from those of strangers.
Audio: Is vaginitis really a puppy problem?
Dr. Autumn Davidson explains why vaginitis shouldn't be as much of a concern in young pups as it is in mature female dogs.
Audio: Elements of negative pressure wound therapy
Use the various parts of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) to tailor your technique to each patient's needs.
Audio: Rehab your patients the right way
An overview of important points to keep in mind when rehabilitating orthopedic patients.
Audio: Cataract development in dogs
Be prepared to face common complications and discuss treatment options with clients when you've identified cataract development in canine patients.
Audio: Communicating with grieving clients
Understanding the stages of grief and communicating effectively with grieving clients is key to breaking bad news.
Have You Heard? Essential oil flea preventives: "Natural" does not equate to no worries (Audio)
Essential oils' newfound celebrity as flea preventives is bringing to light the differences in oversight of their efficacy and safety.
Have You Heard? Are cats taking an unhealthy bite out of wildlife?
An attempt to put some numbers to the predatory nature of domestic free-ranging cats.
Have You Heard? Seeing is retrieving
Good vision is just as important in dogs as it is in people, as exemplified by a study looking at induced myopia in field trial dogs.
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Avian medicine
Avian flu studies are fit to print, says U.S. biosecurity board
National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity recommends publishing revised studies on mutated H5N1 virus.
Avian influenza investigated on Missouri turkey farm
Polk County, Mo. -- A Missouri farm was quarantined and is under investigation by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) after an outbreak of Avian influenza (H7N3).
Today's Daily Dose: Avian medicine
Why are cockatiels more likely to develop lockjaw?
Metal fragments in horse, poultry feed leads to recall
St. Louis, Mo. -- The Food and Drug Administration is reporting that Purina Mills has recalled specific lots of horse and poultry feed.
First songbird genome sequenced
Swindon, Wiltshire, U.K. -- The Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) announces that a united effort by teams across the United States, Europe and the Middle East has produced the first songbird genome map -- that of the zebra finch.
Growth of exotics climbs along with illegal importation problem
The growth of the exotic pets industry brings with it some problems, including illegal imports which raise health concerns.
Just Ask the Expert: What to do about a biting bird
Q: A client told me that when he holds his pet bird in his hand and it bites, he corrects the bird by flinging it off his hand and onto the floor. What should I advise this client as far as this method of correcting the bird?
Seizures in exotic pets (Proceedings)
When presented with a seizuring dog or cat, the steps to take are familiar to most veterinarians. However, with a non-traditional species, even knowing where and how to administer treatments presents a challenge, as well as what might be common etiologies.
Poultry feed voluntarily recalled
St. Paul, Minn. -- A poultry feed typically used by small flock owners has been voluntarily recalled by its manufacturer.
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Clinical pathology
Human CRE infections are 'untreatable,' experts say
How will this latest superbug impact veterinary patients?
Journal Scan: Help for differentiating between acquired and congenital portosystemic shunts
A simple way to help distinguish between congenital vs. acquired shunts would help all practitioners.
Image Quiz: A Lab with a penile mass
Take a look at the cytologic results and determine the best treatment.
Image Quiz: The outcome of a food fight
Look at the cytologic slides and discern the cause of a rottweiler's masseter muscle mass.
Image Quiz: A cat with a large tail mass
Can you discover the cause?
Keeping up with the standards of care: A review of when and how to perform a complete bone marrow evaluation
When hematologic changes are evident and a blood smear alone does not provide enough information to make a diagnosis, a complete bone marrow evaluation is often indicated.
Clinical Rounds: Anal sac adenocarcinoma
Make rounds with these veterinary specialists and residents for a complete picture of this neoplasia in dogs.
Image Quiz: A mysterious temporal mass after limb amputation
Can you diagnose the cause of this dog's mass?
Image Quiz: A subcutaneous mass in a senior dog
What's the cause of this German shepherd's scapular lesion?
 MORE ARTICLES

Departments
Mind Over Miller: We do what we have to do!
During the energy crunch of the late '70s, it was predicted that the planet had a 35-year supply of petroleum left. That was an underestimate, of course, but it did forecast the present inadequate supply of petroleum, its high cost, and the frantic activity to find alternative energy sources.
Idea Exchange: An adsorbent bag in every vial keeps the elements away
Because of the high humidity in our area, we have a problem with some chewable tablets crumbling once they are dispensed.
Idea Exchange: Easing recovery from declaw surgery
After an onychectomy, we routinely place the patient in a cat bag for short-term recovery.
Idea Exchange: First, shake the powder
Adding water to powdered antibiotics doesn't always dissolve all the powder.
Idea Exchange: Camping cot as gurney: Sleeping bag not needed
We use a child's camping cot as a gurney for large patients that are nonambulatory.
Idea Exchange: Diaper abdominal wounds that drain
We use disposable baby diapers of the appropriate size as ventral abdominal bandages for lesions that will have a lot of drainage.
Mind Over Miller: Crutches add a new perspective
I have been on crutches for half a year, following unsuccessful knee surgery.
Idea Exchange: Extra comfort for your knees
With all the time we spend kneeling on the hospital floor, we thought we could use a little help.
Idea Exchange: Spotless bloodstain removal with saline solution
We all get bloodstains on our clothes, and using water or hydrogen peroxide to get the blood out usually leaves a stain.
 MORE ARTICLES

Dermatology
Efficacy of commercial disinfectants against ringworm
The goal of this study was to determine the efficacy of eight over-the-counter disinfectants at killing the dermatophytes Microsporum canid and Trichophyton mentagrophytes.
Examining the efficacy of a new drug for the treatment of atopic dermatitis
The goal of this study was to determine if Oclacitinib is a safe and effective alternative for the treatment of atopic dermatitis in dogs.
Paw pad pain: A review of corns in dogs
An overview of the clinical signs, potential causes, and treatment options available for corn-type lesions on canine paw pads.
Methicillin resistance and pyoderma: What's the big deal?
Methicillin-resistant organisms are being recovered more and more frequently from canine skin cultures, and concerns about transmission are increasing.
Sublingual immunotherapy: A new option for allergy patients
A review of orally administered allergen-specific immunotherapy for the treatment of atopic dermatitis in dogs and cats.
Shots or drops? Considerations when selecting injection vs. sublingual ASIT for dogs
Points to consider before selecting an allergen-specific immunotherapy protocol for dogs.
A Chihuahua with traumatic bite wounds
What lies beneath this little dog's bite wounds?
Dermatology grant recipients examine veterinary otitis, atopic dermatitis
One veterinary team studying whether clients play role in canine otitis.
Live from the CVC Kansas City: Look past the ears
When a patient presents with itchy, red ears, there may be something else going on.
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Diagnostic procedures
The ins and outs of polyuria and polydipsia in veterinary practice
There are many terms used to describe abnormalities in urine production. Here we set out to provide a concise reference for the most common ones veterinarians encounter.
Therapy lasers: A handy comparison chart
Thinking of adding or expanding laser therapy services in your veterinary practice? Get started on your buying quest with this comparison of some of the choices available.
Veterinarians must be aggressive to detect distal limb lameness in sport horses
Rigorous evaluation techniques and diagnostics are key for veterinarians to identify lameness early and for successful treatment.
Zoonotic threat: The features of naturally occurring leptospirosis in dogs
The goal of this study was to identify the percentage of atypical features found in dogs with leptospirosis as well as evaluate the clinical utility of convalescent titers.
A look at laboratory parameter changes in growing cats
The goal of this study was to evaluate how changes in mineral metabolism affect laboratory parameters in growing cats.
Debunking 20/20: The real truth about veterinary medicine
How to tackle your clients' questions in the wake of ABC's news report.
Evidence points to routine retinal screening benefit for older cats
Ocular lesions identified before they produced clinical signs in cats over 8.
Putting local human hospitals to work for your veterinary practice
Your local human hospital's lab and pharmacy can save you time and money. Here's how.
Botulism in horses: Veterinarians should be cognizant in their diagnosis
Knowing what to look for and being diligent in gathering the patient's history will help veterinarians diagnose this often overlooked condition.
 MORE ARTICLES

Ear disease
Live from the CVC Kansas City: Look past the ears
When a patient presents with itchy, red ears, there may be something else going on.
Vestibular syndrome: What's causing the head tilt and other neurologic signs?
Discover how to pinpoint the underlying cause of this condition and administer appropriate treatment.
Skills Laboratory: How to perform a myringotomy
Careful preparation and technique are essential when performing this procedure.
Image Quiz: A chronically ear-scratching, head-shaking golden retriever (Sponsored by Dechra)
Can you determine the best treatment for this dog?
Diagnosing and managing ear disease (Proceedings)
Several different diagnostic and medical treatment options exist for treating otitis in dogs and cats. It is important that the veterinarian know all of the options that are available so that they can make recommendations to the pet owner.
Image Quiz: Chronically pruritic and odoriferous ears in a basset hound (Sponsored by Intervet/Schering-Plough Animal Health)
A young, adult basset hound presents to you for evaluation of chronic recurrent ear pruritus and a strong "musty" odor. Which of these diagnostic tests would be most useful initially?
How do you manage ceruminous otitis in cats?
Veterinary dermatologist Dr. Paul Bloom discusses how he handles these cases.
Idea Exchange: Getting ear bandages to stay in place
I've found bandaging an ear after an ear hematoma repair to be a challenge.
Today's Daily Dose: Dermatology
A common misdiagnosis of ear edge dermatitis in certain dog breeds.
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Editors' Note
Editors' Note: The patient in front of you
We've updated the look and feel of our publications to help you help your patients even better.
Editors' Note: Matters of the heart
Dr. Heather Lewellen reports on how a recent cardiology workshop demonstrated how heart disease and heart failure don't change, but the way we treat and manage them changes constantly.
CVC in Kansas City: Come see what we're getting ready for you!
Jennifer Vossman explores the wide range of expert hands-on training that awaits you.
Editors' Guest: There isn't much of a market for buggy whips
Today's veterianry practice needs an overhaul, much like when the internal combustion engine changed practice in the past.
Editors' Note: "What would you do, Doc?"
Dr. Lewellen recounts her experience with the question of whether to treat or euthanize a pet with a behavior problem.
Editors' Guest: Help uncover veterinary experiences of abuse in animals and people
Dr. Catherine Tiplady seeks veterinarians to fill out a survey investigating animal cruelty and related human violence.
Editors' Note: Our new home is your new online resource: dvm360.com
Veterinary Medicine has found a good home at dvm360.com.
Editors' Guest: My eye-opening experience in editing a veterinary journal
After several years in small-animal practice and a lengthy stint in industry work, I recently began working as a contributing technical editor for Veterinary Medicine.
In memoriam: Dr. James R. Richards
As many of you now know, Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine professor Dr. James R. Richards died on April 24, after sustaining injuries in a motorcycle accident.
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Emergency and critical care
Just Ask the Expert: The best way to treat ivermectin toxicosis
An overview of the recommended treatment protocol for ivermectin toxicosis.
Toxicology case: Managing hypernatremia after activated charcoal administration
A look at the presenting signs and case management of a 9-year-old Shetland sheepdog with acute hypernatremia secondary to activated charcoal administration.
Tips and trends in the ER
Plug in to these important pointers from the 2013 International Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society meeting.
Positive-contrast cystography in a dog with a hard-to-detect bladder rupture
Be sure to look a little deeper when using this technique during your search for a ruptured bladder to prevent missing the diagnosis.
Can canine blood be safely given to cats?
In an emergency, can you turn to your canine blood stores in a cat that needs a transfusion?
Shock fluid therapy basics
An overview of the use of crystalloids and colloids for critical care veterinary patients.
Managing bacterial cystitis in the ER
An overview of diagnostic and treatment options for veterinary patients with signs of lower urinary tract disease.
Audio: Elements of negative pressure wound therapy
Use the various parts of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) to tailor your technique to each patient's needs.
Wound therapy: The positives of negative pressure
Dr. Adin discusses a state-of-the-art wound treatment that helps trauma patients heal faster.
 MORE ARTICLES

Endocrinology
E-book: Canine Cushing's Case Files — The Ins and Outs of Detection and Treatment (Sponsored by Dechra Veterinary Products)
The diagnosis and management of canine hyperadrenocorticism, or Cushing's syndrome, can be a challenge. Learn how to recognize and provide treatment for these dogs with this free e-book.
What's on the forefront of treating canine PDH?
Dr. David Bruyette comments on the latest developments in treating canine PDH and whether or not pituitary surgery will take the place of medical therapy.
Canine Cushing's Case Files: The ins and outs of detection and treatment—Case file: Boca (Sponsored by Dechra Veterinary Products)
It can be intimidating in a complex case such as Boca's to try a new drug and treatment protocol for the first time.
Canine Cushing's Case Files: The ins and outs of detection and treatment—Case file: Libby (Sponsored by Dechra Veterinary Products)
This case illustrates the need to evaluate the patient history and results of routine blood tests to help identify hyperadrenocorticism as a possible differential diagnosis.
Feline acromegaly: Treatment options
Drs. Wakayama and Bruyette offer a look at treatment options and considerations for feline acromegaly.
Canine Cushing's Case Files: The ins and outs of detection and treatment—Case file: Holly (Sponsored by Dechra Veterinary Products)
The use of properly dosed VETORYL Capsules is strongly recommended rather than compounded trilostane to ensure maximal efficacy and safety during medical management of hyperadrenocorticism.
Feline acromegaly: The keys to diagnosis
Drs. Wakayama and Bruyette offer a look at which diagnostic tests are most beneficial in detecting this often underdiagnosed condition.
Video: Controlling diabetes in dogs
See what veterinary endocrinologist Dr. David Bruyette recommends as the go-to insulin to treat diabetes mellitus in dogs.
Canine Cushing's Case Files: The ins and outs of detection and treatment—The economics of managing hyperadrenocorticism in dogs (Sponsored by Dechra Veterinary Products)
An underestimated financial benefit exists for any practice that produces satisfied clients who have pets with well-controlled diseases that live longer lives.
 MORE ARTICLES

Endoscopy
'Obamacare' reaches veterinary medicine
New equipment tax could increase cost of care, experts say.
Idea Exchange: Label instruments with engraved pet tags
Keep tabs on your endoscopy instruments with this reader tip.
Presentation Recap: Restricting dietary iodine to treat feline hyperthyroidism
From the 2011 ACVIM Forum: Will this dietary restriction help affected cats?
Hot Literature: Indwelling ureteral stents: a possible treatment for malignant ureteral obstruction
In a recent study, researchers evaluated the use of indwelling, double-pigtail ureteral stents in dogs with ureteral obstruction secondary to trigonal malignancy.
Correcting ectopic ureters in juvenile dogs
Cystoscopic-guided laser ablation is a minimally invasive alternative to surgery for these congenital anomalies.
Safe endoscopic removal of a sharp-edged foreign body from a dog's stomach
An 11-year-old spayed female dachshund was referred for evaluation of an acute onset of rear limb paresis.
Have You Heard? A less invasive GDV prevention alternative
Endoscopically assisted gastropexy may show promise in preventing gastric dilatation-volvulus in dogs at high risk for the life-threatening condition.
Dynamic videoendoscopy
A new development in the diagnosis of upper airway disease
Laparoscopy in private practice (Proceedings)
There are a number of minimally invasive surgical (MIS) procedures that are currently performed using laparoscopy.
 MORE ARTICLES

Exotic-animal medicine
Delineating the cause of a bearded dragon's anorexia and weight loss
A contrast enema study helped clinicians detect an intestinal stricture in this exotic pet. See how this diagnostic step can help your reptile patients with similar signs.
Poultry practice: From the backyard to your clinic
Follow this advice to expand your expertise in this area of avian medicine.
Video: The latest trend in exotic pets
Look no further than a backyard for a few of the most popular exotic pets these days.
Conference calls for collaboration between human and veterinary doctors
Organizers hope conference will encourage translational medical programs
Video: Know your exotic pets
Dr. Lori Corriveau shares the common mistakes veterinary practitioners make when dealing with exotic pets.
Video: Cock-a-doodle-DON'T
Devoicing and debeaking are complex veterinary surgical procedures performed on roosters to keep them from making noise and fighting. Dr. Eric Klaphake offers his views on these techniques and how to explain them to clients.
Pets and Vets: Veterinarians in Florida remove 4-pound hairball from tiger
Ingested fur proved too large to remove by scope.
Secure your stethoscope for hands-free monitoring
A way to make sure your stethoscope stays out of the way during anesthetic monitoring.
Pets & Vets: Sea turtle receives skull surgery at NC State
These photos show how a team of 10 veterinarians successfully completed an experimental skull surgery on a green sea turtle.
 MORE ARTICLES

Feline medicine
Have You Heard? Voice recognition: Does your cat know it's you? (script)
This study set out to determine if cats have the ability to distinguish between the voices of their owners and strangers.
Have You Heard? Voice recognition: Does your cat know it's you?
Hear all about a study that investigated whether cats could distinguish their owners' voices from those of strangers.
Comfort cats in a towel wrap
Dr. Sophia Yin demonstrates how a simple towel wrap can help keep cats—and your staff—comfortable and safe during an examination.
A look at laboratory parameter changes in growing cats
The goal of this study was to evaluate how changes in mineral metabolism affect laboratory parameters in growing cats.
Can canine blood be safely given to cats?
In an emergency, can you turn to your canine blood stores in a cat that needs a transfusion?
Pointers on when and how to feed sick cats
Dr. Susan Little addresses this critical component of patient care, including the importance of nutrition in ill cats, whether to force-feed anorectic cats, and when to place a feeding tube.
The latest development in feline cardiology
Dr. Sonya Gordon details the latest development in feline cardiology.
What's new in veterinary nutrition?
Dr. Tony Buffington highlights some key updates in nutrition--from tips for feeding enrichment to managing obesity in adult animals.
Client handout: Chronic intestinal disease in cats
Help clients understand the importance of investigating frequent vomiting and hairballs in cats by downloading this free handout.
 MORE ARTICLES

Flash
Heartworm disease's long-term effects
An overview of the highlights from the revised American Heartworm Society's canine and feline guidelines.
Delineating the cause of a bearded dragon's anorexia and weight loss
A contrast enema study helped clinicians detect an intestinal stricture in this exotic pet. See how this diagnostic step can help your reptile patients with similar signs.
How to perform a scrotal urethrostomy and stop the stone cycle
Male dogs suffering from recurrent urethral blockage due to urinary calculi may benefit from this procedure that permanently diverts urine flow.
Positive-contrast cystography in a dog with a hard-to-detect bladder rupture
Be sure to look a little deeper when using this technique during your search for a ruptured bladder to prevent missing the diagnosis.
Can canine blood be safely given to cats?
In an emergency, can you turn to your canine blood stores in a cat that needs a transfusion?
A challenging case: Lethargy and inappetence in a Pekingese
A battery of diagnostic tests were needed to uncover the root cause of lethargy, inappetence and coughing in a 7-month-old dog.
How to handle chronic vaginitis in veterinary patients
Dr. Davidson and Tomas Baker, MS, discuss a common genitourinary condition that all veterinarians should be ready to manage in their female canine patients.
Stem cell therapy in canine medicine
Interest in stem cells is high. However, despite commercial availability and multiple reports on use, there is still much to learn about the benefits and indications of such therapy in veterinary medicine.
Drawer + wooden dowels = organized endotracheal tubes
Keep your ET tubes orgnanized with this simple solution.
 MORE ARTICLES

Food-animal medicine
Blizzard leaves thousands of cattle dead across western South Dakota
Producers, veterinarians work through staggering herd loss and animal stress.
AVMA calls on Congress, veterinary caucus, to stop 'bickering' and end shutdown
Association says animal welfare, food safety and research hang in the balance.
A new rapid diagnostic test is developed for U.S. Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus
The University of Minnesota Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory began accepting test samples mere months after the PEDV outbreak began.
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus continues to spread across U.S.
Mortality rate in suckling pigs as high as 100 percent creates potential impact on pork supply.
Why small animal veterinarians should care about farm animals
Concern for animals slaughtered in the U.S. should be part of the veterinarian's oath.
Federal agencies seek input on plan for veterinary oversight of antimicrobial use
Producers who once ordered drugs direct from manufacturer will now need veterinary prescription.
Pets and Vets:UC-Davis opens $58.5 million veterinary research facility
Large research enterprise to focus on animal and human health.
U.S. risk classification for BSE to be improved to 'negligible'
New status expected to be adopted at animal health assembly in May.
Vet recounts a cowboy's surprise
One cowboy gets quite the calf-working experience, thanks to an excited mutt.
 MORE ARTICLES

Gastroenterology
Delineating the cause of a bearded dragon's anorexia and weight loss
A contrast enema study helped clinicians detect an intestinal stricture in this exotic pet. See how this diagnostic step can help your reptile patients with similar signs.
Chronic vomiting in cats: Pictorial pointers for diagnosis
What to look for when evaluating cats for small bowel disease as a cause of chronic vomiting.
Algorithm: Diagnostic and therapeutic approach to chronic vomiting in cats
Solve your feline chronic vomiting cases by downloading this algorithm.
Those frustrating vomiting cats!
Drs. Norsworthy and Olson discuss a diagnostic and therapeutic approach to chronic vomiting in cats.
Client handout: Chronic intestinal disease in cats
Help clients understand the importance of investigating frequent vomiting and hairballs in cats by downloading this free handout.
Tips to treat persistent cases of chronic diarrhea in pets (Sponsored by Nestle Purina)
Veterinary gastrointestinal disorders are often left unidentified or misdiagnosed and can linger even with treatment. Follow these tips to banish stubborn diarrhea once and for all.
Michigan veterinarian believes canine mystery illness is zoonotic
Dr. Lindsay Ruland's clients, staff--even her children--experience symptoms she says seem related to canine condition reported in Ohio and Michigan.
A new rapid diagnostic test is developed for U.S. Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus
The University of Minnesota Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory began accepting test samples mere months after the PEDV outbreak began.
Pyloroplasty for gastric outflow emptying
A Y-U pyloroplasty is a great technique for treating this condition—when done with the utmost care and precision.
 MORE ARTICLES

Hepatic disease
Zoonotic threat: The features of naturally occurring leptospirosis in dogs
The goal of this study was to identify the percentage of atypical features found in dogs with leptospirosis as well as evaluate the clinical utility of convalescent titers.
Journal Scan: Can milk thistle be used to treat liver disease?
Natural remedies abound for treating common diseases in people and pets, but what exact role they should play remains undetermined. This study looked specifically at the use of milk thistle for helping pets with liver disease.
A suddenly accident-prone dog
Work through this interactive case to help Olivia, a 2-year-old terrier mix, get over her urinary troubles.
Definitively diagnosing hepatic vascular disease
When you have a patient with a hepatic vascular abnormality, how do you confirm it?
Journal Scan: Help for differentiating between acquired and congenital portosystemic shunts
A simple way to help distinguish between congenital vs. acquired shunts would help all practitioners.
Video: Controlling OA pain in dogs
Dr. Gregory Grauer weighs in on whether NSAIDs can be used in dogs with liver or kidney disease.
Why won't that cat eat?!
In this interactive case, investigate why Misou has lost her appetite.
Hepatic lipidosis (Proceedings)
Feline hepatic lipidosis (HL), a syndrome characterized by hepatocellular accumulation of lipid, intrahepatic cholestasis and hepatic dysfunction, is one of the most common liver disorders of the domestic cat accounting for approximately 50% of biopsy diagnoses. It may be a primary (idiopathic) condition or secondary to another disease process. Despite widespread interest and the numerous studies performed since HL was first described in the veterinary literature in 1977, the causes and pathogenic mechanisms of the disease are still largely unknown.
Cholangiohepatitis (Proceedings)
Inflammatory disease has been reported to be the second most common category of liver disease in cats in the US (after hepatic lipidosis). However, within this category, there are a number of different pathologic patterns that may represent different stages of disease or even potentially separate disease conditions.
 MORE ARTICLES

Imaging
Delineating the cause of a bearded dragon's anorexia and weight loss
A contrast enema study helped clinicians detect an intestinal stricture in this exotic pet. See how this diagnostic step can help your reptile patients with similar signs.
Positive-contrast cystography in a dog with a hard-to-detect bladder rupture
Be sure to look a little deeper when using this technique during your search for a ruptured bladder to prevent missing the diagnosis.
A Chihuahua with traumatic bite wounds
What lies beneath this little dog's bite wounds?
Image Quiz: Itchy plaques in a German shepherd
Pick the right diagnostic step in this senior dog.
Definitively diagnosing hepatic vascular disease
When you have a patient with a hepatic vascular abnormality, how do you confirm it?
How to perform a positive contrast GI study
Add a little contrast to help you find your diagnosis.
Why is this 3-year-old pug acutely regurgitating?
Examine the imaging results to help solve this pug's problem.
Live from the CVC: An important pointer when taking the leap into digital imaging
Dr. Anthony Pease discusses one aspect of digital systems that you don't have to worry about.
Image Quiz: A cat with a large tail mass
Can you discover the cause?
 MORE ARTICLES

Immunology
Infectious disease on the rise in dogs and cats, Banfield reports
State of Pet Health Report shows sizable increases in FIV, Lyme disease infection.
James Steele, 'father of veterinary public health,' dies at 100
Steele credited with introducing the principles of One Health to the world.
Debunking 20/20: The real truth about veterinary medicine
How to tackle your clients' questions in the wake of ABC's news report.
The latest alternative injection site for cats and canine cardiology in the dvm360 Five
The Five discusses tail vaccination in cats, canine cardiology, the importance of sharing your clinic's stories on social media, how to better access clients and special treats for feline patients.
Tail vaccination may lead to better cancer treatment in cats
Dr. Julie Levy says one to 10 cats of every 10,000 develop cancer at vaccine injection site; new protocol is well--tolerated and effective.
Center for Veterinary Biologics employees sent back to work to approve animal vaccines
Despite shutdown furloughs, AVMA and Rep. Schrader push ag secretary to reassess CVB workers as critical to public health.
AVMA calls on Congress, veterinary caucus, to stop 'bickering' and end shutdown
Association says animal welfare, food safety and research hang in the balance.
Secret to human AIDS vaccine may be found in feline virus
Veterinary, human medical researchers identify FIV peptide that kills HIV.
Veterinary health community marks World Rabies Day Sept. 28
Events will be held worldwide and across the United States.
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Infectious diseases
Infectious disease on the rise in dogs and cats, Banfield reports
State of Pet Health Report shows sizable increases in FIV, Lyme disease infection.
University of Florida veterinarians report spike in leptospirosis cases
This potentially fatal zoonotic disease is becoming more prevalent in the U.S., making it even more crucial to look out for clinical signs.
New test developed for early detection of canine parvovirus
Researchers at Kansas State University have created a quicker, more effective way to identify the known strains of this deadly virus in dogs.
Methicillin resistance and pyoderma: What's the big deal?
Methicillin-resistant organisms are being recovered more and more frequently from canine skin cultures, and concerns about transmission are increasing.
Grant recipients to further infectious disease research
Five investigators to be given $15,000 to carry out studies in 2014.
James Steele, 'father of veterinary public health,' dies at 100
Steele credited with introducing the principles of One Health to the world.
Conference calls for collaboration between human and veterinary doctors
Organizers hope conference will encourage translational medical programs
Assessing the risk of parvovirus infection in puppies attending socialization classes
A recent study examined whether young puppies that attend socialization classes are really at an increased risk for this deadly viral disease.
Michigan veterinarian believes canine mystery illness is zoonotic
Dr. Lindsay Ruland's clients, staff--even her children--experience symptoms she says seem related to canine condition reported in Ohio and Michigan.
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Internal medicine
Ticks, other parasites encroaching on new territories, CAPC says
Year-round prevention continues to be strong recommendation.
Nutrition matters: Pondering raw meat-based diets
A review of the reasons these diets are so popular and a discussion of areas where additional research is needed.
The ins and outs of polyuria and polydipsia in veterinary practice
There are many terms used to describe abnormalities in urine production. Here we set out to provide a concise reference for the most common ones veterinarians encounter.
Just Ask the Expert: The best way to treat ivermectin toxicosis
An overview of the recommended treatment protocol for ivermectin toxicosis.
Veterinarians must be aggressive to detect distal limb lameness in sport horses
Rigorous evaluation techniques and diagnostics are key for veterinarians to identify lameness early and for successful treatment.
Using oxytocin to prolong diestrus
Veterinary researchers have found a promising alternative for long-term suppression of estrus—and aberrant behavior—in mares.
Toxicology case: Managing hypernatremia after activated charcoal administration
A look at the presenting signs and case management of a 9-year-old Shetland sheepdog with acute hypernatremia secondary to activated charcoal administration.
The toxicology toolkit
This toolkit delivers articles, tips, handouts, videos and tools all designed to make it as easy as possible to discuss common pet toxins with your team and clients.
Client handout: Top 10 human medications that poison pets
When pet poisonings from human medications happen, they can be serious. Use this handout to keep veterinary clients informed of the top 10 human medications pets most frequently ingest.
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Letters
Letters: An alternative gastrectomy technique?
A reader inquires about the efficacy of the invagination technique.
Letters: Thoughts on ovariectomy
Reader feedback about this alternative technique for spaying intact pets.
Letters: Illustrations of closure for housemates after a pet's euthanasia
A reader shares personal experiences with allowing housemates to be present during a fellow pet's euthanasia.
Wellness story: Milo, the rat terrier
A general exam revealed an important and treatable condition in this dog.
Letters: Closure for housemates after a pet's euthanasia
Readers respond to the question of whether fellow pets should be present during a housemate's final moments.
Letters: Concern about responsible antibiotic use
A reader questions the AVMA's stance on antibiotic use in food animals.
Letters: Lional's story
A personal response to the outdoor cat controversy.
Letters: Should cats be allowed outdoors?
More reaction to "Treat or euthanize?"
Letters: Use of cefovecin in dogs with superficial pyoderma
This drug is labeled, and thus recommended, to treat secondary superficial pyoderma, abscesses, and wounds caused by susceptible strains of Staphylococcus intermedius or Staphylococcus canis in canine patients.
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Neurology
Journal Scan: Treatment of primary epilepsy in cats—how well does it work?
This review studied the outcome of cats treated with either phenobarbital or a combination of other antiepileptic drugs with respect to the number of seizures per year and quality of life.
Hypothyroid-associated neurologic signs in dogs
See when you should test for this disease in your patients with neuromuscular signs.
Journal Scan: Are dogs with head trauma more likely to experience seizures?
This study says the likely answer is "Yes."
Corrected table for September DVM canine epilepsy article
Antiepileptic drug dosages have now been corrected.
Important correction to September DVM
Antiepileptic drug dosages are incorrect.
Journal Scan: Is adjunctive levetiracetam effective in treating refractory canine epilepsy?
A study investigated the utility of this anticonvulsant.
Lecture Link: Taming the tremors: New options for treating epilepsy
Discover new strategies for instituting antiepileptic drug therapy.
Vestibular syndrome: What's causing the head tilt and other neurologic signs?
Discover how to pinpoint the underlying cause of this condition and administer appropriate treatment.
Certain feline seizures indicate hippocampal damage
When a cat experiences seizures that do not impact the entire body, this may indicate changes in the hippocampus of the cat's brain.
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Nutrition
Nutrition matters: Pondering raw meat-based diets
A review of the reasons these diets are so popular and a discussion of areas where additional research is needed.
Video: Canine gastrostomy tube placement
Dr. Don Waldron demonstrates this procedure, which is indicated in veterinary patients that may be anorectic postoperatively or are otherwise anorectic.
Food for thought: Thiamine deficiency in dogs and cats
This review describes the clinical signs of thiamine deficiency, as well as causes, diagnosis, and treatment.
Feline urolith epidemiology update: 1981 to 2012
Tracking the trends of mineral composition in cats with urolithiasis.
The nutrition toolkit
This toolkit delivers articles, tips, handouts, videos and tools all designed to make it as easy as possible to discuss pet nutrition with clients.
Pointers on when and how to feed sick cats
Dr. Susan Little addresses this critical component of patient care, including the importance of nutrition in ill cats, whether to force-feed anorectic cats, and when to place a feeding tube.
Client handout: 4 tips for weight loss in cats
Help clients get their cats back into a healthy weight range with tips from this free handout.
What's new in veterinary nutrition?
Dr. Tony Buffington highlights some key updates in nutrition--from tips for feeding enrichment to managing obesity in adult animals.
Feline nutrition: Understanding how to feed cats for obesity prevention and weight management (Sponsored by Nestle Purina)
Studies show 15% to 35% of cats in the US are overweight or obese. Learn what you need to do at your veterinary practice in order to take control of weight management in your feline patients.
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Oncology
Audio: Communicating with grieving clients
Understanding the stages of grief and communicating effectively with grieving clients is key to breaking bad news.
The gonad chronicles part 1: Neutering's newest controversy
Veterinarians and owners alike are troubled by a new study linking castration and ovariohysterectomy with an increased risk of disease—including some cancers. Should this study change the way we discuss and perform such common, recommended procedures?
How to break bad news to veterinary clients
Communication strategies and tips for breaking difficult news to clients.
Conference calls for collaboration between human and veterinary doctors
Organizers hope conference will encourage translational medical programs
Tail vaccination may lead to better cancer treatment in cats
Dr. Julie Levy says one to 10 cats of every 10,000 develop cancer at vaccine injection site; new protocol is well--tolerated and effective.
Pets and Vets: Clinical trials for anti-cancer drug in dogs paves way for human trials
University of Illinois veterinarian, chemist work to develop cancer drug that can help both animals and humans.
Veterinarian records song to benefit pets with cancer
Profits from the iTunes release will help families pay for pets' cancer treatments.
Pets and Vets: Cornell veterinarians treat pig for lymphoma
Cornell treats 730-pound Hampshire pig for lymphoma—a first in large animal veterinary treatment.
Clinical Rounds: Battling a Labrador's oral malignant melanoma
This team of experts stepped in to help extend the dog's life with targeted treatment. What can you learn from their approach to help your patients?
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Ophthalmology
Veterinary ophthalmologists to provide free eye exams to service animals in May
Seventh annual ACVO event hopes to serve 8,000 animals this year.
Audio: Cataract development in dogs
Be prepared to face common complications and discuss treatment options with clients when you've identified cataract development in canine patients.
It's all in the eyes: A look at ocular signs of disease
Dr. Kaese reviews ocular signs that may indicate systemic disease in patients.
Evidence points to routine retinal screening benefit for older cats
Ocular lesions identified before they produced clinical signs in cats over 8.
An eye on canine orbital disease: Causes, diagnostics, and treatment
Drs. Gionfriddo and Aaroe provide an overview of common orbital diseases in dogs and the best approaches for diagnosis and treatment.
Skills Laboratory: Prolapsed third eyelid gland replacement
This modified Morgan pocket technique allows normal movement of the third eyelid postoperatively. Just follow these steps and achieve an optimal outcome.
Video: Modified Morgan pocket technique for third eyelid gland prolapse
Dr. Amy Rankin shows how to perform this gland replacement technique to fix cherry eyes in dogs.
Fla. veterinary school professor arrested for secretly recording female students
Don Samuelson confesses to making recordings for sexual arousal.
Live from CVC Kansas City: It's all in the eyes
A quick overview of ocular signs that may indicate systemic disease.
 MORE ARTICLES

Orthopedics
Veterinarians find therapy rich in possibilities
Platelet-rich plasma therapy is being increasingly used in veterinary medicine for canine orthopedic and sports medicine applications, but numerous questions remain regarding this promising treatment.
The latest on laminitis: What veterinarians have learned and what lies ahead
Prevention and veterinary treatment strategies were highlighted at the recent International Conference on Laminitis and Diseases of the Foot.
Proximal suspensory desmopathy in horses
A veterinary overview of the causes, diagnostic approach and treatment options for this common condition in performance horses.
3 ways to lower infection rates during surgery
Small changes in your routine can make a big difference in keeping infection at bay in your surgical suite.
Tailoring a plan: International opinion on nutraceutical and multimodal management of joint health in dogs and cats (Sponsored by Nutramax Laboratories and Bioiberica)
In this roundtable discussion, an international group of clinicians discusses various therapeutic strategies, as well as a multimodal approach to treat joint disease in canine and feline patients.
Audio: Rehab your patients the right way
An overview of important points to keep in mind when rehabilitating orthopedic patients.
DIY veterinary rehabilitation for patients with patella and cruciate injuries
Dr. Wardlaw discusses some therapeutic alternatives to get orthopedic patients comfortably back on their feet.
Tailor your bone fracture repair technique
Implant failures and union problems are preventable. Save your patients from having to endure additional health issues and surgeries by doing it right the first time.
Video: Practical orthopedic surgery tips
Approach new techniques with certainty following this expert guidance.
 MORE ARTICLES

Pain management
Tailoring a plan: International opinion on nutraceutical and multimodal management of joint health in dogs and cats (Sponsored by Nutramax Laboratories and Bioiberica)
In this roundtable discussion, an international group of clinicians discusses various therapeutic strategies, as well as a multimodal approach to treat joint disease in canine and feline patients.
Letters: Onychectomy complications
A reader's response to "Mind Over Miller: An exorbitant onychectomy" in the August 2013 issue.
Sample script: Discussing palliative care
Do you know how to talk to your veterinary clients about palliative care? Here's a couple approaches you can try.
Robbery gone wrong: Teen gets stuck in veterinary hospital's HVAC
19-year-old spends 11 hours in ventilation system before employees find him the next morning.
Transdermal solution launched to provide dogs four days of post-operative pain control
Recuvyra's sustained fentanyl pain-relief in a topical application form has requirements.
AVMA/USDA inspection video shows apparent footage of horse soring violations
USDA video released to AVMA was posted, but retracted at the USDA's request.
Tennessee walking horse group finally accepts federal soring protocol
S.H.O.W horse industry organization carries out inspections in conjunction with USDA veterinary medical officers during National Celebration event.
AAHA mandates dental anesthesia, intubation for accredited veterinary hospitals
New standard applies to all dental procedures, including cleaning.
How veterinary medicine can save the world, Part 1: Curing disease
In the next few issues of dvm360, we're taking a close look at how veterinary medicine benefits people, not just animals. In this first installment, we meet a 'translational' (cross-species) researcher who's in the process of revolutionizing orthopedic medicine—for people and pets.
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Parasitology
Infectious disease on the rise in dogs and cats, Banfield reports
State of Pet Health Report shows sizable increases in FIV, Lyme disease infection.
Ticks, other parasites encroaching on new territories, CAPC says
Year-round prevention continues to be strong recommendation.
Heartworm's little friend: How eliminating Wolbachia affects treatment outcomes
Parasite seems dependent on this bacteria for survival, reproduction.
The tick control toolkit
This toolkit delivers articles, tips, handouts, videos and tools all designed to make it as easy as possible to discuss tick control with clients. (With an educational grant provided by Merck Animal Health)
Getting a handle on heartworm resistance
AHS experts discuss what veterinarians and their clients need to know about the emergence of 'evil heartworms.'
Pillars of prevention: Getting to "yes" for parasite control—a roundtable discussion (Sponsored by Merial)
During a recent roundtable discussion, leading experts in the fields of veterinary parasitology, dermatology, behavior, and client communication gathered to discuss parasite control opportunities in clinical practice.
Small animal parasites that you'd rather forget, but shouldn't
You know to be on the look out for common nematodes such as Toxascaris and Toxocara species, but keep the following in mind as well.
Don't forget the fecal sample
Get fecal samples from veterinary clients with these three tips.
The heartworm toolkit
This toolkit delivers team training, free client handouts, exam room education strategies and more, all designed to make it as easy as possible for veterinarians and their teams to discuss heartworm disease with clients and promote year-round prevention in dogs and cats. (With an educational grant provided by Zoetis)

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Pediatric medicine
Audio: Is vaginitis really a puppy problem?
Dr. Autumn Davidson explains why vaginitis shouldn't be as much of a concern in young pups as it is in mature female dogs.
Assessing the risk of parvovirus infection in puppies attending socialization classes
A recent study examined whether young puppies that attend socialization classes are really at an increased risk for this deadly viral disease.
Rhodococcus equi infection: Treatment and immunity in foals
Part 2 of this series explores a foal's innate defenses against a common bacterial pneumonia and how veterinarians can enhance natural immunity.
3 steps to pierce veterinary clients' vaccine concerns
Avoid blowups and miscommunication by teaching your team to offer pointed information about your vaccination protocols.
Immune system development in foals
In Part 1 of this series, an equine veterinary research team explains two key immune factors—transfer of proinflammatory cytokines to the foal and the foal's ability to respond to antigens.
Veterinary research in Dachshunds paves the way for therapy in children
Veterinary treatment slows progression of Batten disease, a fatal genetic disorder for dogs and children.
Today's Daily Dose: Drug dosages in puppies
A consideration when prescribing drugs for puppies and kittens.
The care and feeding of orphaned puppies and kittens (Proceedings)
The goal of orphan puppy and kitten care is to maximize their health, well being, and socialization until they can be placed on a foster mother or adopted. The needs of the healthy young are very simple, water, nutrition and the proper environment. Obviously these husbandry issues are more critical in the newborn and the sick than the healthy 8 week old.
The normal neonate: What is normal and abnormal? (Proceedings)
The neonatal period is the first 4 week of life. During this critical period, the puppy or kitten has a different physiology and rate of development and than during the rest of the pediatric period. Once the puppy or kitten is 6- 8 weeks of age, then all of the development is complete and the youngster can be considered a "growing" adult.
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Pharmacology
Using clonidine and trazodone for anxiety-based behavior disorders in dogs
For some behavior patients, the anti-anxiety effects of a single drug might not be enough. In cases in which monotherapy is insufficient, consider adding one of these drugs to your treatment plan.
It's back: New Fairness to Pet Owners Act introduced in U.S. House
Bill says mandatory veterinary prescription writing will lower cost of pet ownership, encourage competition.
How common are NSAID side effects in dogs?
The goal of this study was to evaluate the quality of evidence surrounding NSAID-related adverse event data in dogs.
Veterinary myth-busting: Blood boosters in performance horses
A veterinary look at why this new breed of equine supplement is potentially dangerous to horses.
FDA's final antimicrobial regulation proposal provides veterinarians more flexibility
Most antimicrobial drugs will no longer be over-the-counter; pharmaceuticals companies have three years to comply.
Robbery gone wrong: Teen gets stuck in veterinary hospital's HVAC
19-year-old spends 11 hours in ventilation system before employees find him the next morning.
Transdermal solution launched to provide dogs four days of post-operative pain control
Recuvyra's sustained fentanyl pain-relief in a topical application form has requirements.
Opponents of equine slaughter take fight to court and Congress
Federal judge issues temporary restraining order suspending commencement of horse slaughter operations in the U.S.
Journal Scan: One month later... Effects of storage on compounded doxycycline
Does a doxycycline suspension made from doxycycline tablets maintain an appropriate concentration four weeks of storage?
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Physical rehabilitation
Clarification: DIY physical therapy for patients with patella and cruciate injuries
Please note this imporant clarification.
Audio: Rehab your patients the right way
An overview of important points to keep in mind when rehabilitating orthopedic patients.
Photo gallery: 3 remarkable stories of canine rehab recovery
What do a pit bull suffering from fibrocartilaginous embolism, a Labrador retriever with chronic severe elbow dysplasia, and a beagle with ventral slot decompression have in common? These precious pooches are rehabilitation success stories that teach us to never give up hope.
Rehabilitating canine veterinary patients after neurosurgery
Veterinarians at the Canine Rehabilitation Institute find that early rehab for pain management, along with at-home exercises, are key to postoperative success.
Stretch to include rehabilitation services at your practice
Are you doing all you can to help veterinary patients recover from injuries and regain mobility?
Physical rehabilitation: How I transitioned from human to canine patients
A physical therapist shares her story.
ACVSMR releases application requirements, examination dates
National Report — The American College of Veterinary Aports Medicine and Rehabilitation recently set up requirements for applications for board certification.
Differentiating rear limb lameness in dogs: hip or stifle (Proceedings)
History may be of help but be careful not to over interpret the description provided by the owner as it may be misleading. Often the owner may observe lameness in one limb when the condition is bilateral. With the latter, the dog will be lame in the limb that is more painful; however the lameness may shift from one side to the other.
Importance of rehabilitation in your practice: how to get started (Proceedings)
Surgical intervention for clinical problems arising from a traumatic episode (fracture, ligament sprain) or congenital abnormality (elbow dysplasia, hip dysplasia) is a common procedure in veterinary practice.
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Renal disease
Zoonotic threat: The features of naturally occurring leptospirosis in dogs
The goal of this study was to identify the percentage of atypical features found in dogs with leptospirosis as well as evaluate the clinical utility of convalescent titers.
Is there an association between the severity of CKD and risk of UTIs in cats?
A study looks at the association between chronic kidney disease and UTIs in cats.
A practical guide to antiproteinuric drugs in dogs
Dr. Barrak Pressler lays out the case for administering ACE inhibitors and angiotensin II-receptor blockers.
Algorithm: Administering ACE inhibitors and ARBs to treat proteinuria in dogs with glomerular disease
Download this suggested protocol for treating proteinuria in dogs.
Journal Scan: Parathyroid hormone and renal function in geriatric cats
This study sought to determine whether cats with early CKD have elevated PTH concentrations compared with healthy geriatric cats.
Antifreeze manufacturers agree to add bittering agent to make products unpalatable to animals and humans
Bittering agent will be applied to products manufactured in all 50 states.
Journal Scan: Hydration status and the renal effects of NSAIDs
A look at how carprofen and etodolac affect renal function in dogs.
Tufts seeks input from veterinarians for chronic kidney disease study
Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine wants information on the feeding habits of cats with chronic disease.
Video: Which drugs can hurt the kidneys?
Dr. Gregory Grauer addresses which drugs commonly used in dogs and cats are potentially nephrotoxic.
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Reproduction
Using oxytocin to prolong diestrus
Veterinary researchers have found a promising alternative for long-term suppression of estrus—and aberrant behavior—in mares.
Audio: Is vaginitis really a puppy problem?
Dr. Autumn Davidson explains why vaginitis shouldn't be as much of a concern in young pups as it is in mature female dogs.
The gonad chronicles part 1: Neutering's newest controversy
Veterinarians and owners alike are troubled by a new study linking castration and ovariohysterectomy with an increased risk of disease—including some cancers. Should this study change the way we discuss and perform such common, recommended procedures?
How to handle chronic vaginitis in veterinary patients
Dr. Davidson and Tomas Baker, MS, discuss a common genitourinary condition that all veterinarians should be ready to manage in their female canine patients.
SLIDESHOW: Economic and political challenges abound in efforts to manage horses on public lands
Study finds if processes go unchanged and trends continue, the already overpopulated American West could see a runaway wild horse population.
Tufts researchers say TNR is not most effective method to control feral cat population
A computer simulation model supports trap-vasectomy-hysterectomy-release.
Live from CVC Kansas City: The 5 most common causes of chronic vaginitis
Investigate these common causes when you have an affected patient.
Studies call neutering of pets into question
Research highlights sterilization downside, spurs discussion in veterinary community.
Failed TNR legislation in Fla. prompts tense debate over feral cats
Veterinarians form foundation, offer alternative to TNR.
 MORE ARTICLES

Surgery
Veterinarians find therapy rich in possibilities
Platelet-rich plasma therapy is being increasingly used in veterinary medicine for canine orthopedic and sports medicine applications, but numerous questions remain regarding this promising treatment.
Idea Exchange: Perineal hernia repair: A new approach
This alternative method for repairing a common condition in male dogs offers advantages for both the patient and the surgeon.
How to perform a scrotal urethrostomy and stop the stone cycle
Male dogs suffering from recurrent urethral blockage due to urinary calculi may benefit from this procedure that permanently diverts urine flow.
Proximal suspensory desmopathy in horses
A veterinary overview of the causes, diagnostic approach and treatment options for this common condition in performance horses.
The latest on laminitis: What veterinarians have learned and what lies ahead
Prevention and veterinary treatment strategies were highlighted at the recent International Conference on Laminitis and Diseases of the Foot.
Video: Canine gastrostomy tube placement
Dr. Don Waldron demonstrates this procedure, which is indicated in veterinary patients that may be anorectic postoperatively or are otherwise anorectic.
Video: Canine mandibular and sublingual salivary gland excision
See how Dr. Don Waldron performs this procedure indicated for treating salivary mucoceles and, rarely, salivary gland neoplasia.
Video: Incisional gastropexy
Dr. Don Waldron demonstrates his method of choice for this definitive treatment for dogs with GDV.
3 ways to lower infection rates during surgery
Small changes in your routine can make a big difference in keeping infection at bay in your surgical suite.
 MORE ARTICLES

Toxicology
Toxicology case: Managing hypernatremia after activated charcoal administration
A look at the presenting signs and case management of a 9-year-old Shetland sheepdog with acute hypernatremia secondary to activated charcoal administration.
Just Ask the Expert: The best way to treat ivermectin toxicosis
An overview of the recommended treatment protocol for ivermectin toxicosis.
Client handout: Top 10 human medications that poison pets
When pet poisonings from human medications happen, they can be serious. Use this handout to keep veterinary clients informed of the top 10 human medications pets most frequently ingest.
The toxicology toolkit
This toolkit delivers articles, tips, handouts, videos and tools all designed to make it as easy as possible to discuss common pet toxins with your team and clients.
Veterinary toxicology alert: Oils used in 'scent training' can harm dogs
Michigan State researchers confirm toxicity of birch oil, warn that nontoxic scents may lead pets to food sources with xylitol.
Client handout: Protect your pet from common dangers
Chocolate and grapes may be delicious to your clients—and lilies may be beautiful—but clients may not know they can be toxic to pets.
Prevent accidental medication exposures in pets
Learn about some of the most common accidental medication exposures. Then teach pet owners to avoid these dangers.
The poison in the pond: Blue-green algae toxicosis in a young dog
A look at the presenting signs, diagnosis and treatment of blue-green algae toxicosis in a 9-month-old German shepherd mix.
Veterinarians and clients should know the surprising places xylitol is found
Hidden sources of pet toxin could mean trouble for your veterinary patients.
 MORE ARTICLES

Urology
Zoonotic threat: The features of naturally occurring leptospirosis in dogs
The goal of this study was to identify the percentage of atypical features found in dogs with leptospirosis as well as evaluate the clinical utility of convalescent titers.
How to perform a scrotal urethrostomy and stop the stone cycle
Male dogs suffering from recurrent urethral blockage due to urinary calculi may benefit from this procedure that permanently diverts urine flow.
Positive-contrast cystography in a dog with a hard-to-detect bladder rupture
Be sure to look a little deeper when using this technique during your search for a ruptured bladder to prevent missing the diagnosis.
Urinary incontinence in female dogs—how common is it?
The goal of this study was to provide more recent data on the prevalence of acquired urinary incontinence.
Managing bacterial cystitis in the ER
An overview of diagnostic and treatment options for veterinary patients with signs of lower urinary tract disease.
Is there an association between the severity of CKD and risk of UTIs in cats?
A study looks at the association between chronic kidney disease and UTIs in cats.
When urine specific gravity values go awry in veterinary practice
Several diagnostic factors must come into play when a veterinarian gets an abnormal result on this common test that investigates kidney function. (Part three of a four-part series.)
A suddenly accident-prone dog
Work through this interactive case to help Olivia, a 2-year-old terrier mix, get over her urinary troubles.
Urine specific gravity measurement and interpretation
A look at the indications for this important part of a veterinary urinalysis and how to interpret the results. (Part two of a four-part series)
 MORE ARTICLES

Zoonosis
Infectious disease on the rise in dogs and cats, Banfield reports
State of Pet Health Report shows sizable increases in FIV, Lyme disease infection.
University of Florida veterinarians report spike in leptospirosis cases
This potentially fatal zoonotic disease is becoming more prevalent in the U.S., making it even more crucial to look out for clinical signs.
Zoonotic threat: The features of naturally occurring leptospirosis in dogs
The goal of this study was to identify the percentage of atypical features found in dogs with leptospirosis as well as evaluate the clinical utility of convalescent titers.
Methicillin resistance and pyoderma: What's the big deal?
Methicillin-resistant organisms are being recovered more and more frequently from canine skin cultures, and concerns about transmission are increasing.
FDA's final antimicrobial regulation proposal provides veterinarians more flexibility
Most antimicrobial drugs will no longer be over-the-counter; pharmaceuticals companies have three years to comply.
James Steele, 'father of veterinary public health,' dies at 100
Steele credited with introducing the principles of One Health to the world.
Michigan veterinarian believes canine mystery illness is zoonotic
Dr. Lindsay Ruland's clients, staff--even her children--experience symptoms she says seem related to canine condition reported in Ohio and Michigan.
10 ways researchers are studying diseases in dogs and humans
Research labs in veterinary schools everywhere are investigating diseases in dogs as they pursue healing both humans and pets.
Pets and Vets: Veterinary and human doctor partner to treat burned horse
Skin graft techniques used in human medicine utilized in veterinary treatment of Northstar’s wounds.
 MORE ARTICLES

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