Rachel Sternberg, DVM
Jackie Wypij, DVM, DACVIM (oncology)
Anne M. Barger, DVM, DACVP
Another important form of neoplastic plasma cells are plasmacytomas, which arise from soft tissue, where they are known as extramedullary plasmacytomas, or from bone, where they are known as solitary osseous plasmacytomas.
Christine Egger, DVM, MVSc, DACVA
Lydia Love, DVM
Preoperative epidural injection of local anesthetics and opioids provides excellent preemptive, multimodal intraoperative analgesia; reduces the concentration of volatile anesthetic required to maintain surgical anesthesia; and provides analgesia extending into the recovery period.