In an article recently published in Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, Drs. Byron Blagburn and Michael Dryden provide a comprehensive overview of flea and tick biology, treatment, and control.
To more objectively categorize patients and to complement the current classification system, the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (ACVIM) Specialty of Cardiology consensus panel has developed a set of guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of CVHD.
Juliet R. Gionfriddo, DVM, MS, DACVO
Julie Yeager, DVM
A 9-year-old 46.2-lb (21-kg) spayed female mixed-breed dog was presented to the ophthalmology service at Colorado State University for evaluation of incisional infection and delayed healing after bilateral entropion surgery.
For our local anesthetic blocks, we use a combination of lidocaine (quick onset, short duration) and bupivacaine (slow onset, long duration) with or without buprenorphine (acts at peripheral opioid receptors).