VETERINARY MEDICINE, Sep 1, 2005 - Veterinary Medicine
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VETERINARY MEDICINE, Sep 1, 2005
Features
The pathophysiology of DIC: When the hemostatic system malfunctions
By Justin D. Thomason, DVM, DACVIM (small animal internal medicine) , Clay A. Calvert, DVM, DACVIM (small animal internal medicine) , Craig E. Greene, DVM, MS, DACVIM
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), also known as consumptive coagulopathy or defibrination syndrome, is an acquired disorder of the hemostatic system that results in the pathologic activation and disequilibria of normal hemostasis and fibrinolysis, leading to potentially fatal consequences. This syndrome is common in critically ill veterinary patients and is always secondary to an underlying disorder that increases systemic thrombin and plasmin activities.
DIC: Diagnosing and treating a complex disorder
By Justin D. Thomason, DVM, DACVIM (small animal internal medicine) , Clay A. Calvert, DVM, DACVIM (small animal internal medicine) , Craig E. Greene, DVM, MS, DACVIM
In this article, we provide guidance to help you identify and effectively treat patients with DIC early, improving their outcome.
Comparing chemical restraint and anesthetic protocols used for blood donations in cats: One teaching hospital's experience
By H.L. Troyer, DVM , William E. Feeman III, DVM , Toni L. Gray, RVT , C. Guillermo Couto, DVM, DACVIM
From 1998 to 2003, we evaluated several chemical restraint protocols for blood donor cats to improve the quality and efficiency of the blood bank, as well as the donors' quality of life.
Departments
Editors' Note: Helping the helpless
By Margaret Rampey
Four days ago, just as we were preparing to go to press with this issue, Hurricane Katrina slammed into the Gulf Coast. Floodwaters have wreaked unimaginable devastation and sorrow. Our hearts break for the victims of this disaster.
Letters: Dr. James L. Voss: An inspiration in my life
In response to your inquiry on who inspired us ("Letters," July 2005), I could not pass up the opportunity to express my sincere feelings toward the one man who has inspired me the most in my veterinary career.
Letters: Fair pay for good work
The opening paragraph of Dr. Robert M. Miller's article "Professionalism counts!" ("Mind Over Miller," July 2005) struck a chord with me.
An Interview with... Dr. Donald E. Thrall
With all the sophisticated technology now available in private practices, many specialists are pursuing careers in this sector—but not this lifelong academician. "I wouldn't trade the variety of my workweek for a life outside of academia."
Toxicology Brief: The dangers of yew ingestion
By R.B. Cope, BSc, BVSc, PhD
For millennia, people used yew alkaloids as both a method of suicide and a chemical weapon during hunting and warfare.
Research Update: The efficacy of ameroid ring constrictors for treating portosystemic shunts
By Joseph Harari, MS, DVM, DACVS
In this retrospective study from two university teaching hospitals, the medical records of 168 dogs with a single portosystemic shunt treated with an ameroid ring constrictor were reviewed to evaluate morbidity and mortality.
Research Update: Pneumogastrography: An alternative for diagnosing gastric diseases
By Joseph Harari, MS, DVM, DACVS
Pneumogastrography (negative contrast gastrography) involves placing air through orogastric intubation or carbonated beverages orally into the stomachs of awake or sedated dogs.
Research Update: Repairing fractures by using biodegradable bone plates
By Joseph Harari, MS, DVM, DACVS
In this prospective clinical trial from Finland, 11 toy breeds with radial fractures were treated with single or stacked biodegradable polylactide plates, metal screws (AO 1.5- to 2-mm diameter mini screws), and lightweight external coaptation.
Research Update: Evaluating two analgesic options for dogs undergoing orthopedic surgery
By Joseph Harari, MS, DVM, DACVS
In this double-blind, prospective, and randomized clinical trial from France, 60 dogs undergoing orthopedic surgery were treated with either preoperative meloxicam (0.2 mg/kg intravenously) or intraoperative ketoprofen (2 mg/kg intravenously) and assessed for pain for up to 24 hours after surgery.
Research Update: How effective is surgical excision of feline cutaneous hemangiosarcomas?
By Joseph Harari, MS, DVM, DACVS
In this retrospective study from the Animal Medical Center in New York City, the medical records of 18 cats with feline cutaneous hemangiosarcoma were reviewed, and the cats' clinical features and responses to surgery were described.
Idea Exchange: Pluck and scrape
When trying to diagnose demodectic mange, try plucking the hairs around lesions in addition to scraping the skin.
Idea Exchange: This water fountain takes a licking (antiquated idea from 1950)
The illustrated water fountain for dogs is made of cast aluminum, having a stainless steel ball valve which prevents leakage when not in use.
Idea Exchange: Write down the date to increase compliance
When my colleagues or I place a bandage on a pet, we write the date the bandage needs to be changed directly on it.
Idea Exchange: Discuss hip dysplasia early
I make it standard practice to discuss hip dysplasia with the owners of predisposed breeds when they drop off their dogs for neutering.
Idea Exchange: Cage baskets organize patients' things
Hang baskets (these are from Staples) on patients' cage doors to hold medications, collars, special diets, and more.
Idea Exchange: Get every last drop
Use Tidy Tube (Valco Cincinnati Consumer Products) to efficiently and completely empty medical lubricant, cat laxative, and toothpaste tubes and any other product that is packaged in a tube.
Mind Over Miller: My first day in practice
By Robert M. Miller, DVM
One of the peculiarities of medical training is that the students cannot understand which of the myriad diseases they study are commonplace and which are exotic.

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